Encyclopaedia Americana. a Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. a New Ed; Including a Copious Collection

Encyclopaedia Americana. a Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. a New Ed; Including a Copious Collection

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1849 edition. Excerpt: ...set fire to the monastery, and perished in the conflagration. Thus ended the Hetseria. (See Nouv. Obs. sur la VaUickie, &C., par un Temoin ocidaire, F. G. L Paris, 1822.) Heterodox (from the Greek); meaning believing otherwise, in contradistinction to orthodox. It is chiefly used to designate one who denies the dogmas of a particular church. The Catholics call a person who disbelieves all or certain dogmas of the church (sanctioned by councils and the decisions of popes) a heretic; the Protestants in Germany prefer the milder expression heterodox. Hetman, or Ataman; the title of the chief (general) of the Cossacks, said to be derived from the old German word Htt (head). While the Cossacks were under Polish dominion, king Stephan Bathori set over them (in 1576) a commander-inchief, under the title of hetman, and gave him, in token of his dignity, a banner or staff of command, and a seal. These marks of dignity are even now in use. The hctinau is chosen by the Cossacks themselves, but the choice must bo ratified by the emperor. When the Cossacks submitted to the Russians in 1054, they retained their form of government entire. But the famous hetman Mazeppu having espoused the party of Charles XII, ill 1768, with tbe intention of uniting again with the Poles, Peter I imposed many restrictions on the Cossacks, and the place of hetman frequently remained long unoccupied. The count Rasiunowsky, having been elected hetman in 1750, received, instead of the former domains and revenues, 50,0(1(1 rubles annual pay. Catharine the (real abolished altogether the dignity of betiimn of tbe Ukraine, and established invtcad a government of eight members. The Cossacks of tbe Don have retained their hetman: his former great authority is, indeed, somewhat...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 476 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 24mm | 844g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236651529
  • 9781236651525