Empires and Barbarians

Empires and Barbarians : The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe

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Empires and Barbarians presents a fresh, provocative look at how a recognizable Europe came into being in the first millennium AD. With sharp analytic insight, Peter Heather explores the dynamics of migration and social and economic interaction that changed two vastly different worlds-the undeveloped barbarian world and the sophisticated Roman Empire-into remarkably similar societies and states.

The book's vivid narrative begins at the time of Christ, when the Mediterranean circle, newly united under the Romans, hosted a politically sophisticated, economically advanced, and culturally developed civilization-one with philosophy, banking, professional armies, literature, stunning architecture, even garbage collection. The rest of Europe, meanwhile, was home to subsistence farmers living in small groups, dominated largely by Germanic speakers. Although having some iron tools and weapons,
these mostly illiterate peoples worked mainly in wood and never built in stone. The farther east one went, the simpler it became: fewer iron tools and ever less productive economies. And yet ten centuries later, from the Atlantic to the Urals, the European world had turned. Slavic speakers had
largely superseded Germanic speakers in central and Eastern Europe, literacy was growing, Christianity had spread, and most fundamentally, Mediterranean supremacy was broken.

Bringing the whole of first millennium European history together, and challenging current arguments that migration played but a tiny role in this unfolding narrative, Empires and Barbarians views the destruction of the ancient world order in light of modern migration and globalization patterns.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 752 pages
  • 163 x 238 x 47mm | 1,258g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 21 maps
  • 0199735603
  • 9780199735600
  • 542,478

Table of contents

Preface ; Prologue ; Ch 1: Migrants and Barbarians ; Ch 2: Globalization and the Germans ; Ch 3: All Roads Lead to Rome? ; Ch 4: Migration and Frontier Collapse ; Ch 5: Huns on the Run ; Ch 6: Franks and Anglo-Saxons: Elite Transfer or Volkerwanderung? ; Ch 7: A New Europe ; Ch 8: The Creation of Slavic Europe ; Ch 9: Viking Diasporas ; Ch 10: The First European Union ; Ch 11: The End of Migration and the Birth of Europe ; Notes ; Primary Sources/ Bibliography
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Review quote

Empires and Barbarians is a significant accomplishment and a welcome gateway for the curious as well as the deeply informed." * HNN.com
* In addition to offering a new way of looking at the broad trends of European history, Heather also makes a major contribution to a long-standing debate about the role of migration in the first millennium...[Empire and Barbarians'] range, its highly important themes, and the boldness and clarity of its writing should stimulate argument and advance debate for years to come." -Edward James, American Historical Review While ambitious in scope, one of the delightful aspects of this hefty volume is its eminent readability. Heather's writing is often playful in style. This conversational and sometimes humorous tone, combined with a knack for explaining complex ideas clearly, belies the complexity of his argument and the sheer amount of information conveyed." -Laura Wangerin, World History Bulletin Heather manages to robustly balance the need for both breadth and depth. A superior piece of scholarship."-DiscoverMagazine.com Impressive in its ambition and its scope."-The New Yorker This is a major work on the political and ethnic shaping of Europe during the first millennium A.D., embracing not just the Germanic and sub-Roman peoples, but also the Slavs and the Vikings. No one interested in the formation of European states and identities will be able to ignore this book. * Bryan Ward-Perkins, author of The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization
* Peter Heather's book is an important contribution to the field - the first up-to-date book that compares the Germanic and the Slav migrations of the early middle ages. It is lucid and it has a complex argument, but it is grippingly written. * Chris Wickham, author of The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages, 400-1000
* Most immediately impressive is Heather's easy command of detail. A jaunty, man of the people prose style masks a sure and scholarly grip on the history and archaeology of the first millenniem A.D. One of Heather's most attractive strengths is his eye for comparision. He neatly sets his thinking about first-millennium migration against modern experiences of the lure of the New World or the desperate flight of Kosovar or Rwandan refugees. * Christopher Kelly, Literary Review
* An awesomely ambitious work: an attempt, in the heroic tradition of Pirenne, to make sense of nothing less than the reshaping of antiquity, and the origins of modern Europe.... Heather is a wonderfully fluent writer, with a consistent ability to grab hold of his reader's attention.... The result is a book which richly merits reading by those interested in the future of Europe as well as its past. * Tom Holland, BBC History Magazine
* An amiable and learned companion through the centuries of migrations."-Library Journal
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About Peter Heather

Peter Heather is Professor of Medieval History at King's College London. He is the author of The Fall of the Roman Empire, Goths and Romans, 332-489, The Goths, and The Visigoths in the Migration Period.
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Rating details

702 ratings
3.92 out of 5 stars
5 32% (222)
4 38% (270)
3 22% (156)
2 6% (41)
1 2% (13)
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