Emergent Forms

Emergent Forms : Origins and Early Development of Human Action and Perception

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Description

While it is often assumed that behavioural development must be based upon both physical law and the biological principles of morphogenesis and selection, forging a link between these disciplines has remained an elusive goal. This book addresses the question of how familiar human functional acts - eating, walking, manipulating objects, smiling, etc. - emerge during infancy due to both intrinsic dynamics and selective processes. The central thesis of the book is that during perceptually guided spontaneous activity, a variety of biodynamic devices for doing different kinds of work are assembled and adapted to specific tasks. Following the introductory chapters, which explore principles from the fields of dynamics and ecological psychology, the author introduces a theory of the development of action systems based upon both self-organisation in complex systems and perceptually guided selective processes. The theory is then examined in the context of development of each of several action systems. The book addresses many long-standing issues in behavioural development, including the apparent disappearance of so-called primitive behaviours, the emergence of new skills, and the role of the caregiver on skill acquisition. The prospects for extending the theory to atypical development and to other domains such as cognition and language are also considered.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 382 pages
  • 161.5 x 228.1 x 25.7mm | 585.14g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • halftones, line figures, tables
  • 0195095022
  • 9780195095029

Review quote

"The concept [action systems] is an appealing one and has attracted considerable attention as a descriptive device.. However, Goldfield's book is the first systematic attempt to use it as an analytic and explanatory tool. . . . it is a most refreshing and attractive view and is evidencing considerable promise."--Contemporary Psychology"Emergent Forms proposes a new and unique perspective on the intruguing problem of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic origin and development of action systems." --Quarterly Review of Biologyshow more

Table of contents

Part I: Ecological and Dynamical Foundations ; 1. Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in the Development of Action ; 2. From Bernstein and von Holst to Dynamical Systems Complexity ; 3. Ecological Foundations ; 4. The Components of Action Systems: Subsystems and Their Interaction ; Part II: Self-Organization and Selection as the Basis for the Assembly of Action Systems ; 5. Spontaneous Pattern Formation ; 6. Selection and the Emergence of Specialized Functions ; 7. The Ontogeny of Action Systems: A Theory ; Part III: The Action Systems ; 8. Basic Orienting ; 9. Appetition ; 10. Locomotion ; 11. The Performatory Action System: Manual Activity ; 12. The Expressive Action System ; 13. Directionsshow more