The Emergence of Relativism
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The Emergence of Relativism : German Thought from the Enlightenment to National Socialism

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Description

Debates over relativism are as old as philosophy itself. Since the late nineteenth century, relativism has also been a controversial topic in many of the social and cultural sciences. And yet, relativism has not to date been a central topic of research in the history of philosophy or the history of the social sciences. This collection seeks to remedy this situation by studying the emergence of modern forms of relativism as these unfolded in the German lands during the "long nineteenth century"-from the Enlightenment to National Socialism. It focuses on relativist and anti-relativist ideas and arguments in four contexts: History, Science, Epistemology, and Politics.





The Emergence of Relativism will be of interest to those studying nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy, German idealism and history and philosophy of science as well as those in related disciplines such as sociology and anthropology.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 256 pages
  • 159 x 235mm
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138571873
  • 9781138571877

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Table of contents

General Introduction Martin Kusch, Katherina Kinzel, Johannes Steizinger, and Niels Wildschut





Part 1: History





1. Introduction Katherina Kinzel





2. Hieroglyphic Historicism: Herder's and Ranke's Theology of History Niels Wildschut





3. The History of Philosophy and the Puzzles of Life: Windelband and Dilthey on the Ahistorical Core of Philosophical Thinking Katherina Kinzel





4. Hermeneutic Responses to Relativism: Gadamer and the Historicist Tradition Kirstin Gjesdal


Part 2: Science





5. Introduction Martin Kusch





6. Perspectivalism in the Development of Scientific Observer-Relativity Lydia Patton





7. Physical or Philosophical? Mach and Einstein on Being a Relativist Richard Staley





8. Husserl on Relativism Dermot Moran





9. "Open Systems" and Anti-Relativism: Anti-Relativist Strategies in Psychological Discourses around 1900 Paul Ziche


Part 3: Epistemology





10. Introduction Niels Wildschut





11. Knowledge and Affect: Perspectivism Reconsidered Brian Leiter





12. Cassirer on Relativism in Science and Morality Samantha Matherne


13. Simmel and Mannheim on the Sociology of Philosophy, Historicism and Relativism Martin Kusch





14. Was Heidegger a Relativist? Sacha Golob


Part 4: Politics





15. Introduction Johannes Steizinger





16. Unity and Diversity: Herder, Relativism, and Pluralism Vicky Spencer





17. Socializing Knowledge and Historicizing Society: Marx and Engels and the Manuscripts of 1845-46 Terrell Carver





18. National Socialism and the Problem of Relativism Johannes Steizinger.


Index
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About Martin Kusch

Martin Kusch is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Vienna and the principal investigator of an ERC Advanced Grant project "The Emergence of Relativism" (2014-2019).





Katherina Kinzel is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the ERC project "The Emergence of Relativism" (2014-2019).





Johannes Steizinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the ERC project "The Emergence of Relativism" (2014-2019).





Niels Wildschut is a PhD Student in the ERC project "The Emergence of Relativism" (2014-2019).
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