Elements of the Philosophy of Plants

Elements of the Philosophy of Plants : Containing the Principles of Scientific Botany; Nomenclature, Theory of Classification, Phythography; Anatomy, Chemistry, Physiology, Geography, and Diseases of Plants

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Description

This treatise on scientific botany brings together the works of two leading European scientists from the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841) and the German botanist and physicist Kurt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel (1766-1833). First published in German in 1820, it was almost immediately translated (anonymously) into English and published in Edinburgh by Blackwood in 1821. This collaborative volume includes three chapters from de Candolle's Theorie elementaire de la botanique published in Paris in 1819, while the remaining texts and the preface were written by Sprengel; at the time, it provided significant advances on previous botanical theories such as the work of German botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow (1765-1812). A fascinating document on the evolution of botanical science, the book contains a practical section detailing the characteristics of over forty plants, as well as eight illustrations.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 8 b/w illus.
  • 1139096087
  • 9781139096089

Table of contents

Translator's preface; Sprengel's preface; Introduction; Part I. Nomenclature: 1. General principles; 2. Characteristic expressions for forms and qualities; 3. Names of the organs; Part II. Taxonomy, or the Theory of Classification: 1. General observations; 2. Artificial classification; 3. Of the mutual connections of plants; 4. On the natural arrangement in general; 5. Theory of natural classification; 6. Natural arrangement of families; Part III. Phytography, or Descriptive Botany: 1. Of the generic name; 2. Of trivial names; 3. Delineation of characters; 4. Description of plants; 5. Synonymy; 6. On the form of botanical works; 7. Floras; 8. Descriptions of gardens; 9. Plates of plants; 10. General works; 11. On collections of plants; Part IV. Phytonomy, of the Structure and Nature of Plants: 1. Phytotomy, or anatomy of plants; 2. Pytochemy, or doctrine of the composition of plants; 3. Propery phytonomy, or on the life of plants; 4. On the distribution of plants upon the Earth; 5. History of the distribution of plants; 6. On malformations and diseases of plants; 7. History of botany; Practical part; Index.show more