The Elements of Old English; Elementary Grammar and Reference Grammar

The Elements of Old English; Elementary Grammar and Reference Grammar

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 edition. Excerpt: ...classes. In Old English, however, only a very small number of verbs belong to this class, and these retain only in part the original features of the conjugation. See 436. The principal parts of the chief Old English verbs of Class III are: habban, have h fde haef d hycgan, think hogde hogod libban, live lifde lifd secgan, say saegde saegd 156. The early West-Saxon forms of habban and libban were as follows: INDICATIVE CHAPTER XXI Anomalous Verbs; U-declension 158. The conjugation of beon, be, is as follows: INDICATIVE The preterit forms are supplied by the strong verb wesan, be: INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE Preterit Sing. 1 Wies Preterit Sing. 1, 2, 3 wicre Observe the grammatical change in this verb, and compare note 32 above. a wesan is also used in the present indicative, present subjunctive, imperative, and present participle; when so used it is conjugated like a strong verb of Class V. 160. The forms that serve as the preterit indicative and subjunctive of gan, go, are from a root which is different from that of the infinitive and present forms. The conjugation is as follows: Present Sing. 2 ga Plur. 2 gafc Infinitive gan Gerund to ganne Present Participle (gangende) Past Participle gan 82 gande, the present participle of gan, does not occur in West-Saxon, and its place is supplied by the present participle of gangan, a strong verb of Class VII. Present Participle willende 162. Contraction. The various forms of willan often undergo contraction with the preceding negative ne, not; ne wile, for example, contracts to nile (also nyle or nele); ne wolde contracts to nolde. Contraction with ne is likewise undergone by those forms of beon which begin with a vowel, by the various forms...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 34 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 82g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123695646X
  • 9781236956460