The Elements of Greek Grammar

The Elements of Greek Grammar

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1864 edition. Excerpt: ...Older, or Second, Perfect.--The 2 perf. is much the less frequent form of the tense. It is formed immediately from the C. F. of the verb, but the following vowel-changes must be attended to: a is lengthened into a after p, otherwise into rj; as, Kpay-, cry out; ndy-, strike; perfect T. F. Keicpdy-, ireriXrry; but pay-, break, has eppay-: e becomes o; as, yev-, become, perf. T. F. yeyoi/-. Verbs of class II. a. generally use the increased form in the perfect, as in the future, becoming oi; as, Xw-(Xn-), leave; $vy-(pevy-), flee: perf. T. F. XeXowr-, mtpevy-. 292. First Perfect.--The 1 perf. tense-form is made by adding K to the reduplicated root: as, Xu-, loosen, perf. T. F. XeXi/K-. The final vowel of pure verbs is regularly lengthened before K, as before o-of the future. 293. In words ending in any of the guttural or labial mutes K is not added, but the final mute is aspirated instead: as, /3Xa/3-, thwart, hurt; Ko7r-, cut; ay-, lead; (pvaK-, watch: 1 perf. T. F. /3e/3Xa)-, KCKocp-, tjx; npvdx-p and x, of course, undergo no change, --ypap-, write, 1 perf. T. F. yeypap-. Three verbs, irepir-, send; rpew-, turn; icXe7r-, sieal, change e into o in the 1 perf., ireirop(p-, TtTpop-(also reTpdf)-), /ceieXop-. 294. The dental mutes go out before K: as, ppdS-, tell; irXd (neid-) persuade: 1 perf. T. F. ircpjaK-, iremiK-. 295. Monosyllabic words ending in X, v, or p, and having e as their radical vowel, change this e into a in the 1 perf.: as, ore-, send; fdep-, destroy: 1 perf. T.F. ecrraK-, ttpdapn-: final is often thrown out: rev-, stretch; KpXv-, judge: perf. T. F. reraic-, KeKpiK-. The perfects of /3aX-, M/wy; ica/n-, toil; rep-, cut; duv-, die, suffer transposition of the vowel, which is then lengthened, /3e/3AijK-, more

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  • Paperback | 36 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 82g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236815491
  • 9781236815491