Elements of Criminal Justice

Elements of Criminal Justice

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The second edition of Elements of Criminal Justice features current, significant research, including that of the author. Built on James A. Inciardi's internationally recognized research in diverse areas such as drug policy, substance abuse, and AIDS prevention, it draws extensively upon his personal experience in law enforcement and corrections. Frequently provocative, sometimes disturbing, and always committed to an unflinching view of reality, the text is complemented by real-world illustrations and examples that offer a complete picture of criminal justice and capture student interest. Marginal glossaries, chapter summaries, discussion questions, and media resources are included.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 480 pages
  • 203.2 x 274.32 x 17.78mm | 816.46g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 2nd edition
  • 0195155211
  • 9780195155211

Table of contents

PART 1: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CRIME AND JUSTICE; CHAPTER 1: CRIME AND THE NATURE OF LAW; Natural Law; Crime as a Social Construct; Crime as a Legal Definition; Common Law; Other Sources of Criminal Law: Constitutional Law, Statutory Law, and Administrative Law; CHAPTER 2: THE LEGAL AND BEHAVIORAL ASPECTS OF CRIME; Criminal Homicide; Assault; Robbery; Arson; Burglary; Property Offenses; Sex Offenses; Drug Law Violations; Crimes Against Public Order and Safety; Major Criminal Behavior Systems; Domestic Violence; Hate Crime; Organized Crime; CHAPTER 3: CRIMINAL STATISTICS AND THE MEASUREMENT OF CRIME; The Uniform Crime Reports; Structure and Content; The Extent of Crime; Reliability and Estimates; The; The National Crime Survey; Victimization Survey Applications and Limitations; CHAPTER 4: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND PROCEDURE: AN OVERVIEW; The Bill of Rights; The Nationalization of the Bill of Rights; The Law of the Land; Substantive Due Process; Procedural Due Process; Prearrest Investigation; Arrest; Booking; Initial Appearance; Preliminary Hearing; Determination of Formal Charges; Arraignment; The Trial Process; Sentencing; Appeals and Release; PART 2: THE POLICE; CHAPTER 5: POLICE AND POLICING; The Police Role; The Right to Use Force; Federal Law Enforcement Agencies; State Police Agencies; County and Municipal Policing; Division of Labor; Chain and Units of Command; Rules, Regulations, and Discipline; Patrol; Detective Work; Specialized Police Units; The Police Personality; The Emergence of Women Police; The Equal Opportunity Movement for Women in Policing; The Current Status of Women in Policing; CHAPTER 6: POLICE AND THE CONSTITUTION; Search Incident to Arrest; Stop and Frisk; Automobile Searches; Fresh Pursuit; Consent Searches; Other Warrantless Searches; The "Plain View" Doctrine; Mapp v. Ohio; The Impact of Mapp; The Retreat From Mapp; Twining v. New Jersey; Brown v. Mississippi; The Prompt Arraignment Rule; Confessions and Counsel; Miranda v. Arizona; Show Ups and Lineups; DNA and Other Nontestimonial Exemplars; CHAPTER 7: POLICE MISCONDUCT; Meals and Services; Kickbacks; Opportunistic Theft; Planned Theft and Robbery; Shakedowns; Protection; Case Fixing; Private Security; Patronage; The Society-at-Large Explanation; The Structural Explanation; The Rotten-Apple Explanation; Brutality; Deadly Force; Legislative Control; Civilian Review Boards; Police Control; PART 3: THE COURTS; CHAPTER 8: THE AMERICAN COURTS AND THE RIGHT TO COUNSEL; Courts of Limited Jurisdiction; Major Trial Courts; Appellate Courts; Reform and Unification of State Courts; U.S. Commissioner's and U.S. Magistrate's Courts; U.S. District Courts; U.S. Court of Appeals; The U.S. Supreme Court; The Jurisdictional Scope of the Supreme Court; Affirming, Reversing, and Remanding; The Supreme Court's Mounting Problems; Powell v. Alabama; Extending the Sixth Amendment Right; Gideon v. Wainwright; Argersinger v. Hamlin; CHAPTER 9: THE COURT PROCESS FROM FIRST APPEARANCE THROUGH TRIAL; The Right to Bail; Discretionary Bail Setting; The Bail Bond Business; Criticisms of the Bail System; Pretrial Detention; Prevention Detention; Release on Recognizance; Operation of the Grand Jury; Grand Juries on Trial; Plea of Not Guilty; Guilty Plea; Nolo Contendere; Insanity Plea; Pleas of Statute of Limitations; Double Jeopardy; Plea Bargaining; Motion for Discovery; Motion for Change of Venue; Motion for Suppression; Motion for a Bill of Particulars; Motion for Severance of Charges or Defendants; Motion for Continuance; Motion for Dismissal; The Supreme Court and Speedy Trial; Speedy Trial and the States; The Right to a Public Trial; The Right to Trial by Jury; Jury Selection; The Venire; The Voir Dire; Opening Statements; Presentation of the State's Case; Motion for Directed Verdict; Presentation of the Defense's Case; Rebuttal and Surrebuttal; Closing Arguments; Charging the Jury; Jury Deliberations; Verdict and Judgment; Posttrial Motions; CHAPTER 10: SENTENCING, APPELLATE REVIEW, AND THE DEATH PENALTY; Sentencing Objectives; Statutory Sentencing Structures; Sentencing Alternatives: Fines; Sentencing Alternatives: Imprisonment; Disparities in Sentencing; Sentencing Reform; Federal Sentencing Guidelines; Truth in Sentencing; The Sentencing Process; Capital Punishment and Discrimination; Cruel and Unusual Punishment; Death and the Supreme Court; The Return of Capital Punishment; Methods of Execution; The Death Penalty Debate; The Defendant's Right to Review; The Prosecutor's Right to Review; Appellate Review of Sentences; The Appeal Process; PART 4: CORRECTIONS; CHAPTER 11: THE AMERICAN PRISON EXPERIENCE; The Walnut Street Jail; The Separate System; The Silent System; Prison Industries; The Reformatory Era; The Twentieth-Century Industrial Prison; Gaols, Hulks, and the Origins of American Jails; Contemporary Jail Systems; The Jail Population; Jail Conditions; CHAPTER 12: BEHIND THE WALLS: A LOOK INSIDE THE AMERICAN PENITENTIARY; Maximum-Security Prisons; Medium-Security Prisons; Minimum-Security Prisons; Open Institutions; Women's Institutions; Prison Administration; Prison Personnel; Prison Facilities; Classification; Prison Programs; Drug Abuse Treatment; Same-Gender Sex; Conjugal Visitation; Coeducational Prisons; Prisonization; The Inmate Code; The Social Order of Women's Prisons; The Martinson Report; New Approaches to Correctional Treatment; Obstacles to Effective Correctional Treatment; CHAPTER 13: THE CONDITIONS OF INCARCERATION AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF PRISONERS; The Uprising and Revolt; The Negotiations and Assault; The Writ of Habeas Corpus; Civil Rights and Prisoners' Rights; Johnson v. Avery; Civil Rights and Prisoners' Rights; Religion; Prison Mail; Rehabilitative Services; Medical Services; Prisoner Labor Unions; The Arkansas Prison Scandal; Solitary Confinement; The Lash; Prison Disciplinary Proceedings; The Texas Prison Suit; The New Mexico Inmate Massacre; From Texas and New Mexico to Attica and Beyond; CHAPTER 14: COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTION; The Development of Diversion; Patterns of Diversion; The Impact of Diversion; The Probation Philosophy; Suspended Sentences and Conditional Release; The Presentence or Probation Investigation; Conditions of Probation; Restitution Programs; Probation Services; Shock Probation; Intensive Probation Supervision; Probation Violation and Revocation; The Effectiveness of Probation; The Origins of Parole; Parole Administration; Eligibility for Parole; Parole Supervision and Services; Parole Violation and Revocation; Parole Discharge; Furlough and Temporary Release; PART 5: JUVENILE JUSTICE; CHAPTER 15: THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM; The Emergence of Juvenile Justice; Parens Patriae; Modern Juvenile Courts; Youths and the Police; Petition and Intake; Detention and Bail; Adjudication and Disposition; Due Process and Juvenile Proceedings; Police Encounters and Juvenile Rights; Status Offenders; Juveniles in the Adult Courts; Juvenile Detention; Juvenile Correctionsshow more