An Elementary Old English Grammar

An Elementary Old English Grammar

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 edition. Excerpt: ... in four ways, which will be best appreciated by comparison with the tests for strong and for weak verbs in 64: (i) They have mutated root-vowels throughout the present. Strong presents have mutated vowels in the 2nd and 3rd sing. only ( 68). (ii) In the majority of them the original vowels, the mutated forms of which are seen in the present, are contained in the past participles. Strong verbs of Classes V., VI., and VII., have the same vowels in the present and in the past participle. (iii) The original j, which is to be traced in the doubled consonants and in the i of swerian (see Note 5), is a mark of weak presents. (iv) The imperative sing. in-e (except in wepan) is peculiar to weak verbs. (5) 1Besides their weak presents, these verba show several other irregularities. We often meet with the intrusive vowel, to which attention was called in 34 (6), in fricg(e)an, licge)an, ISicg(e)an, licgeafi, etc. Swerian alternates with swer(i)g(e)an. It is possible that the past parts. fregen, frigen, belong to the very irregular verb frignan of Class III. Hlogon and scodoii oome under Verner's Law. Besides sceSan there is a strong infin. scecriSan, and besides scod a weak past sceftede. Diphthongisation after palatal sc is seen in sceaSan, gesceapen, sceod (x scod), and sceop (x scop). In scieppan, 1 If the student is puzzled by this note he will find full explanations in Part II. this diphthongisation has been followed by mutation (see 123). In hliehhan, the same vowel has resulted from mutation of broken a. The vowel in Seaft, as in aeah ( 80), is a breaking of original a. The o of sworen (oiwaren), like that of ISwogen ( 78), is due to the influence of the preceding w. The interchange of lib and / in fybban more

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  • Paperback | 30 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 73g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236524683
  • 9781236524683