Elementary Geography Volume 1-2

Elementary Geography Volume 1-2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 edition. Excerpt: ...and Ohio is the leading fruit state. Sugar beets are raised chiefly in Michigan, and rye chiefly in Michigan and Wisconsin. Forests and Lumber. When the first settlers came to the Central States they found the region along the Ohio River covered with forests. North of this region lay the prairies stretching away for hundreds of miles, without trees, but thickly covered with tall grass. The soil of the prairies is so fine and compact that the seeds of trees could not take root and grow. Trees nourish better where the land is somewhat rough and hilly. In the northern parts, near the Great Lakes, were dense forests of pine which for many years were the most productive lumber region in the world. Although they have largely been cut away, the states of Michigan, Wis Minerals and their Uses. The most abundant minerals of the Central States are coal, petroleum, iron, and copper. Coal and petroleum are found in nearly all of the states. The coal is of the soft variety, and is used in engines for getting steam power, and in the manufacture of iron. The most valuable mines are those of iron and copper, found near Lake Superior in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. The copper found in Michigan alone is valued at about $30,000,000 annually. It is sent to the manufacturing states and cities farther east, especially to Connecticut, where it is made into sheets for covering ships and cooking utensils, or is mixed with zinc and tin to make brass and bronze. These alloys are useful for many purposes. A great deal of copper is bought by the United States Government and sent to the mints to be coined into copper cents. Much of the iron ore found in these parts lies near the surface of the ground in thick layers. It is loaded on cars by means of steam shovels, and...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 146 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 272g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236654064
  • 9781236654069