Electrified Interfaces in Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Electrified Interfaces in Physics, Chemistry and Biology : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute Held in Varenna, Italy, July 23-August 3, 1990

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Description

Electrified interfaces are encountered whenever two different conducting phases come into contact, and they can be defined as those interfaces whose electrical state can be kept under control and varied at will. Electrified interfaces range from metal/semiconductor and metal/electrolyte interfaces to colloidal particles and biological membranes; even metal/vacuum interfaces can be regarded as electrified when their work function is controlled by varying the amount of some chemisorbed species. The role played by electrified interfaces is fundamental in some many physical, chemical and biological system that their study has been tackled by researchers with different scientific backgrounds using different methodological approaches. In spite of their different nature, the various electrified interfaces share a number of common features and of methodological approaches to their study.
This book draws together, in one volume, a discussion of the multifarious electrified interfaces by covering their thermodynamic and structural aspects, electrical and in situ spectroscopic experimental approaches, statistical-mechanical theories of interfacial structure, and dynamics of electronic and ionic transfer across electrified interfaces.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 600 pages
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands, United States
  • English
  • index
  • 0792315529
  • 9780792315520

Review quote

to conclude, the book is very valuable both for persons wishing to gain insight into the field as well as for scientists already active in any of the areas. Zeitschrift f. Physikalische Chemie 'I can recommend this book especially to biologists who want to improve their knowledge about "simple" interfaces which is necessary to describe phenomena at the highly complex biological interfaces.' Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 96: 12 1992
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Table of contents

An overview of electrified interfaces; structure and electronic properties of metal surfaces; physics of surfaces; ab-inito molecular dynamics - selected applications to disordered systems and surfaces; the problem of Schottky barrier; the semiconductor/electrolyte interface; stark effect on adsorbates at electrified interfaces; thermodynamics of adsorption; electrode potentials and energy scales; phenomenological approach to metal/electrolyte interfaces; the application of scanning tunnelling microscopy to electrochemistry; singly crystal electrodes; modelling of metal-water electrified interfaces; molecular models of organic adsorption from water at charged interfaces; the interface between a metal and a solution in the absence of specific adsorption; adsorption at the metal/solution interface; electron-transfer reactions at metal-solution interfaces - an introduction to some contemporary issues; the solid-electrolyte interface as exemplified by hydrous oxides - surface chemistry and surface reactivity; discrete charges on biological membranes; structural rearrangements in lipid bilayer membranes; evaluation of the surface potential at the membrane-solution interface of photosynthetic bacterial systems; electrical currents of the light driven pump bacteriorhodopsin; the role of asp 85 and asp 96 on proton translocation; the electrochemical relaxation at thylakoid membranes; evaluation of the electric field in a protein by dynamic measurements of proton transfer.
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