Effective Debating

Effective Debating

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1914 edition. Excerpt: ... opponents are using and to detect weaknesses in them. D0 they quote the opinions of authorities? If they do, be sure to ask yourself, do these authorities have special knowledge of the question? Have they made special investigation so that they know whereof they speak? Can you show that the authorities are prejudiced; that they have an interest in holding the opinions they do? Do you think the authori ties will be accepted by the audience? Here is a field for refutation not always so well cultivated as it might be. Opinions vary as much in weight and worth as do metals. In treating opportunities for refutation presented by inductive argu-' ments, or those based on circumstantial evidence, we have to consider fallacies. It is not possible, within the allotted space, to go into a detailed discussion of fallacies. A brief survey only will be given. Classification of Fallacies (1) Hasty generalizati0n.--This fallacy results from an attempted generalization that does not comply with the tests of that argument. It can be refuted by showing that it does not comply with one or more of the four tests. Suppose an attempt is made to show that labor unions try to restrict membership as soon as they have a closed shop. 1-low many examples are given to show such restriction as compared with those which might be given to show the opposite? What degree of proof do two or three examples afford, out of possible hundreds? Is it reasonable to believe that such a thing would happen? (2) False analogy.--This is an argument from analogy in which the example given does not comply with the tests. Can you discover a dissimilarity in some particular essential to the argument, or point at issue? Do you accept the facts on which the analogy is based? (3)...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 26 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 1mm | 68g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236954661
  • 9781236954664