The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia Volume 17

The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia Volume 17

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1832 edition. Excerpt: ...Their implements of husbandry are inlgeneral rude and imperfect. The plough in many provinces is composed entirely of wood, and has neither coulter, fin, nor mould-board; but instead of these, some of them have two wooden pins placed near the tail of the share, and so disposed as to lay the furrow in high ridges; and others have only the tail of the share divided, so as to perform the same operation as the heel and ground wrist of our ploughs. Mr. Townsend has given a description and drawings of several of these ploughs. Those near Oviedo he represents as of thetmost clumsy construction. The coulter is fixed in a beam by itself, with two oxen and aman' to work it; the plough then follows in the same tract, the point of the share only being shod with iron; and although the land is mostly 'strong and requires to be well ploughed, this instrument merely scratches the ground. There the harrows have no iron, and are used only for maize; the wheat and barley being always left unharrowed. In Catalonia they use a lighfplough drawn'by two oxen, or one strong mule, and their harrows have iron furniture; but instead of a roller to break the clods they use a board, on which aboy stands, and drives the mule which draws it. In the rich vale of Huerta near Alicant, and also in the vale of Valencia, the earth is never allowed to rest. They use aone-horse plough, and never attempt any thing more than to pulverize the soil, which is easily done, as it is mowed eight or ten times a-year. "Wheat is put into the ground the beginning of November, and is reaped the middle of June, when they obtain from twenty to forty for one. Barley is sown in October, and in May they receive from eighteen to twenty-four for one. Oats are in the ground from the...
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Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 38mm | 1,324g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236822218
  • 9781236822215