Part 1 Europe's farm problem: agriculture and economic development; the origin of peasant society; differences in standards of living in Europe; Europe's farm problem; the political background. Part 2 The German solution: population and production; trade and tariffs; possible remedies. Part 3 Over-population: what is over-population?; what level of density indicates surplus population?; causes of the high density of farm population. Part 4 The standard of living: nutrition; housing; consumption of manufactured goods. Part 5 The efficiency of the farming system: Czechoslovakia and Western Hungary. Part 6 The efficiency of the farming system: the Danube plain in Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Part 7 The efficiency of the farming system: Poland, Transylvania, Yugoslavia south of the Slava. Part 8 The advantages and disadvantages of peasant farming: advantages - the effect of peasant farming on the distribution of income, employment and labour conditions; disadvantages - technical defects, capital investment. Part 9 The Russian solution: the results of collectivization; the social organization; incomes and standards of living; collectivization as a remedy for Eastern Europe; conclusion.