Ecomorphology of fishes

Ecomorphology of fishes

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Ecomorphology is the comparative study of the influence of morphology on ecological relationships and the evolutionary impact of ecological factors on morphology in different life intervals, populations, species, communities, and evolutionary lineages. The book reviews early attempts at qualitative descriptions of ecomorphological patterns in fishes, especially those of the Russian school. More recent, quantitative studies are emphasised, including multivariate approaches to ecomorphological analysis, the selection of functionally important ecological and morphological variables to analyze, an experimental approach using performance tests to examine specific hypotheses derived from functional morphology, and the evolutionary interpretations of ecomorphological patterns. Six major areas of fish biology are focused on: feeding, sensory systems, locomotion, respiration, reproduction, and phylogenetic relationships. The 18 papers in the volume document: (1) how the morphology of bony fishes constrains ecological patterns and the use of resources; (2) whether ecological constraints can narrow the niche beyond the limits imposed by morphology (fundamental vs. realized niche); (3) how communities of fishes are organized with respect to ecomorphological patterns; and (4) the degree to which evolutionary pressures have produced convergent or divergent morphologies in fishes. A concluding paper summarizes ecomorphological research in fishes and points out taxa that are underrepresented or are especially promising for future research.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 307 pages
  • 185.42 x 254 x 25.4mm | 771.1g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • Reprinted from ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES 44:1-3, 1995
  • V, 307 p.
  • 0792337441
  • 9780792337447

Table of contents

Prelude to ecomorphology of fishes; E.K. Balon, K.F. Liem. Introduction. Perspectives on the ecomorphology of bony fishes; P.J. Motta, et al. Review. Development of ecomorphology of fishes in Russia; S.A. Smirnov, et al. Full papers. Ecomorphological correlates in ten species of subtropical seagrass fishes: diet and microhabitat utilization; P.J. Motta, et al. A functional approach to ecomorphological patterns of feeding in cottid fishes; S.F. Norton. The influence of oral anatomy on prey selection during the ontogeny of two percoid fishes, Lagodon rhomboides and Centropomus undecimalis; J.J. Luczkovich, et al. Predicting patterns of prey use from morphology of fishes; P.C. Wainwright, B.A. Richard. Ecomorphology of retinal structures in zooplanktivorous haplochromine cichlids (Pisces) from Lake Victoria; H.J. van der Meer, et al. Ecomorphological adaptations to bioluminescence in Porichthys notatus; A.F. Mensinger. Ecomorphology of solitary chemosensory cell systems in fish: a review; K.Kotrschal. Tradeoffs between respiration and feeding in Sacramento blackfish, Orthodon microlepidotus; J.J. Cech Jr., M.J. Massingill. Time and tide wait for no fish: intertidal fishes out of water; K.L.M. Martin. Papyrus swamps and the respiratory ecology of Barbus neumayeri; L.J. Chapman, K.F. Liem. Morphology, mechanics, and locomotion; the relation between the notochord and swimming motions in sturgeon; J.H. Long Jr. Evolutionary interplay between ecology, morphology and reproductive behavior in threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus; S.A. Foster, J.A. Baker. Armor morphology and reproductive output in threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus; J.A. Baker, et al. Ecomorphological diversification and convergence in fluvial cichlid fishes; K.O. Winemiller, et al. Phylogenetic systematics and biomechanics in ecomorphology; M.W. Westneat. Summary. The role of ecomorphological studies in the comparative biology of fishes; S.F. Norton, et al. Species and subject index.
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Review quote

`Bedauerlicherwiese scheint es heutzutage unmoeglich zu sein, zu inthaltlich so wertvolles Buch zu einem Preis anzubieten, der den Kauf auch fur Doktoranden leicht macht.'
Ethology, 134:4 (1997)
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