List of contributors; Preface; 1. A well-supported phylogenetic framework for the monocot order Alismatales reveals multiple losses of the plastid NADH dehydrogenase complex and a strong long-branch effect W. J. D. Iles, S. Y. Smith and S. W. Graham; 2. The fossil record of non-commelinid monocots S. Y. Smith; 3. Is syncarpy an ancestral condition in monocots and core eudicots? D. D. Sokoloff, M. V. Remizowa and P. J. Rudall; 4. Diversification of pollen and tapetum in early-divergent monocots C. A. Furness; 5. Macroecological correlates of global monocot species richness F. A. Jones, B. Sobkowiak, C. D. L. Orme, R. Govaerts and V. Savolainen; 6. In time and with water... the systematics of alismatid monocotyledons D. H. Les and N. P. Tippery; 7. Evolution of floral traits in relation to pollination mechanisms in Hydrocharitaceae N. Tanaka, K. Uehara and J. Murata; 8. Patterns of bract reduction in racemose inflorescences of early-divergent monocots M. V. Remizowa, D. D. Sokoloff and P. J. Rudall; 9. Recent progress in the phylogenetics and classification of the Araceae S. J. Mayo, J. Bogner and N. Cusimano; 10. The first evolutionary classification of the Araceae: A. Engler's natural system S. J. Mayo and J. Bogner; 11. Aroid floral morphogenesis in relation to phylogeny D. Barabe; 12. Some observations on the homology of the daffodil corona R. W. Scotland; 13. Anther, ovule and embryological characters in Velloziaceae in relation to the systematics of Pandanales M. G. Sajo, R. Mello-Silva and P. J. Rudall; 14. Contrasting patterns of support among plastid genes and genomes for major clades of the Monocotyledons J. I. Davis, J. R. McNeal, C. F. Barrett, M. W. Chase, J. I. Cohen, M. R. Duvall, T. J. Givnish, S. W. Graham, G. Petersen, J. C. Pires, O. Seberg, D. W. M. Stevenson and J. Leebens-Mack; Index.