Early Christianity

Early Christianity : A Brief History

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Description

A concise, accessible introduction to the history of early Christianity, this text covers the development of the Christian church from its origin through the year 600. Equally suited to beginning and more advanced students alike, the text opens with a discussion of the historical Jesus-what we know and how do we know it?-before moving on the discuss the Jewish and Roman world in which Christianity arose. The book moves on chronologically into four Parts, charting the progress of Christianity from fringe sect to dominant religion, down through the reign of Pope Gregory I. Interspersed are chapters on society and culture and the book closes with an epilogue on Muhammad and the rise of Islam. Excerpts and quotations from a wide variety of ancient sources-including the New Testament, the Gospel of Thomas, the Didache, and the writing of Dio Chrysostom, Fronto, and Tactitus, among others-engage students and help to show them how historians learn about the ancient world. Each chapter ends with carefully selected suggestions for further readings, including both ancient and modern texts. Timelines accompany each Part and the book features eight custom-drawn maps.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 288 pages
  • 190.5 x 236.22 x 25.4mm | 703.06g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 10 black and white half tone, 8 line illustrations
  • 0195138554
  • 9780195138559
  • 2,060,496

Review quote

"A fine introduction to early Christianity...This is a valuable and ably executed introductory textbook."--Religious Studies Review "A fine introduction to early Christianity...This is a valuable and ably executed introductory textbook."--Religious Studies Reviewshow more

Table of contents

Preface ; Abbreviations and Signs ; NON-CHRISTIAN SOURCES ABOUT JESUS ; CHRISTIAN SOURCES ABOUT JESUS ; WORD-OF-MOUTH GOOD NEWS ; WRITTEN GOOD NEWS ; THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM ; MARK AND MATTHEW ON CHRISTOLOGY ; MARK AND MATTHEW ON THE DISCIPLES ; JESUS ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; TIMELINE FOR FIRST-CENTURY CHRISTIANITY ; THE JEWS AND HELLENIZATION ; THE TEMPLE ; SYNAGOGUES ; ORDINARY JUDAISM IN PALESTINE ; SECTS AND PARTIES ; DIASPORA ("DISPERSION') ; PROSELYTES AND GOD-FEARERS ; ROMAN RULE AND THE JEWS ; THE JEWISH WAR OF 66-73 ; THE JEWISH WAR OF 132-135 ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; OFFICIAL CULTS ; VOLUNTARY CULTS ; REBIRTH AT ELEUSIS ; THE CULT OF MITHRAS ; THE CULT OF ISIS ; THE CULT OF THE GREAT MOTHER ; ASTROLOGY, ORACLES, MAGICIANS ; PHILOSOPHIES ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; JEWISH CHRISTIANITY ; JEWISH CHRISTIANS AND GENTILE CONVERTS ; JEWISH CHRISTIANS AND THE JEWISH REBELLIONS ; LATER JEWISH CHRISTIANITIES ; GENTILE CHRISTIANITIES ; PAUL AND GENTILE CHRISTIANS ; PAUL THE MISSIONARY ; PAUL THE THEOLOGIAN ; FURTHER READING ON JEWISH CHRISTIANITY ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; FURTHER READING ON GENTILE CHRISTIANITY ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; TIMELINE FOR THE SECOND AND THIRD CENTURIES ; A NOTE ON NAMING CHRISTIAN GROUPS ; SECOND-CENTURY DIVERSITY ; GNOSTIC CHRISTIANITIES ; MARCIONITE CHRISTIANITY ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; ONE BISHOP, ELDERS AND DEACONS/DEACONESSES ; CREEDS AND RULES OF FAITH ; THE CANON OF SCRIPTURE ; A CASE STUDY: THE NEW PROPHECY ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; ROMAN LAW AND THE CHRISTIANS ; THE "CROWD" AND THE CHRISTIANS ; THE FIRST PHASE OF PERSECUTION (ABOUT 29 TO ABOUT 250) ; NERO AND THE CHRISTIANS ; PLINY AND THE CHRISTIANS ; PERSECUTION AT LYONS AND VIENNE ; THE SECOND PHASE OF PERSECUTION (250-260) ; THE EMPEROR DECIUS (249-251) ; THE EMPEROR VALERIAN (253-260) ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; JUSTIN MARTYR (ABOUT 100-ABOUT 165) ; ORIGEN (ABOUT 185-251) ; ORIGEN AND THE SCRIPTURES ; ORIGEN THE THEOLOGIAN ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; THE BAPTIZED FAITHFUL ; THE CATECHUMENS ("THOSE UNDER INSTRUCTIONS") ; PENITENTS, APOSTATES, EXCOMMUNICATES ; CHRISTIAN BUILDINGS BEFORE CONSTANTINE ; CHRISTIAN ART BEFORE CONSTANTINE ; WORSHIP BEFORE CONSTANTINE ; BAPTISM ; EUCHARIST ; ORDINATION ; CHRISTIAN CUSTOMS ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; TIMELINE OF LATER CHRISTIANITY ; THE EMPEROR DIOCLETIAN (RULED 284-305) ; CONSTANTINE (RULED 306-337) ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; JULIAN THE "APOSTATE" (361-363) ; THE DYNASTY OF THEODOSIUS I (379-455) ; PAGANS IN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE ; CHRISTIAN HERETICS IN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE ; JEWS IN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; THE LOCAL BISHOP ; THE BISHOPS IN COUNCIL ; THE APOSTOLIC BISHOPRICS ; THE BISHOP OF ROME ; THE EMPEROR ; THE EASTERN EMPIRE: CONTINUITY ; THE WESTERN EMPIRE: DISCONTINUITY ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; SCHISMS ; THE ORIGINS OF THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY ; THE HOLY SPIRIT ; THE SURVIVAL OF ARIANISM ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; NESTORIANISM ; MONOPHYSITISM ; THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON (451) ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; LIFE IN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE ; TIMELINE FOR LATER CHRISTIANITY ; LITURGY ; CHURCH BUILDINGS ; CHRISTIAN TIME: THE LITURGICAL CALENDAR ; THE HOLY DEAD ; PILGRIMAGE ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; ANTHONY (ABOUT 251-356) ; PACHOMIUS (290-345) ; BASIL OF CAESAREA (ABOUT 329-379) ; MONASTICISM IN THE WEST ; BENEDICT OF NURSIA (ABOUT 480-ABOUT 545) ; CRITICISM OF ASCETICS ; THE IMPACT OF ASCETICISM WITHIN CHRISTIANITY ; A CASE STUDY: CLERGY, LAITY AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY ; MARRIAGE OF THE CLERGY BEFORE THE FOURTH CENTURY ; MARRIAGE OF THE CLERGY AFTER THE FOURTH CENTURY ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; AMBROSE (339-397) ; JEROME (ABOUT 347-419) ; GREGORY OF NYSSA (BETWEEN 311 AND 340-ABOUT 395) ; AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (354-430) ; MANICHAEANS ; DONATISTS ; PELAGIUS (ABOUT 350-ABOUT 425) ; PAGANS ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; CONVERSION BEFORE THE FOURTH CENTURY ; CONVERSION AFTER CONSTANTINE ; CHRISTIANIZATION AFTER CONSTANTINE ; CONVERSION IN HARD TIMES ; THE EASTERN EMPIRE ; THE WESTERN EMPIRE ; THE CONVERSION OF THE FRANKS ; CONVERSION OUTSIDE THE EMPIRE'S BORDERS ; ARMENIA ; AXUM/ETHIOPIA ; IRELAND ; SUMMARY ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; BISHOP GREGORY OF TOURS (573-593/594) ; POPE GREGORY I THE GREAT (590-604) ; JOHN THE ALMSGIVER, PATRIARCH OF ALEXANDRIA (610-ABOUT 619) ; FURTHER READING ; ANCIENT SOURCES ; MODERN WORKS ; FURTHER READINGshow more

About Joseph H. Lynch

Joe R. Engle Designated Professor of the History of Christianity, Department of History, The Ohio State Universityshow more

Rating details

49 ratings
3.73 out of 5 stars
5 16% (8)
4 51% (25)
3 24% (12)
2 6% (3)
1 2% (1)
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