Dynamics of Third-Order Rational Difference Equations with Open Problems and Conjectures

Dynamics of Third-Order Rational Difference Equations with Open Problems and Conjectures

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Extending and generalizing the results of rational equations, Dynamics of Third Order Rational Difference Equations with Open Problems and Conjectures focuses on the boundedness nature of solutions, the global stability of equilibrium points, the periodic character of solutions, and the convergence to periodic solutions, including their periodic trichotomies. The book also provides numerous thought-provoking open problems and conjectures on the boundedness character, global stability, and periodic behavior of solutions of rational difference equations. After introducing several basic definitions and general results, the authors examine 135 special cases of rational difference equations that have only bounded solutions and the equations that have unbounded solutions in some range of their parameters. They then explore the seven known nonlinear periodic trichotomies of third order rational difference equations. The main part of the book presents the known results of each of the 225 special cases of third order rational difference equations. In addition, the appendices supply tables that feature important information on these cases as well as on the boundedness character of all fourth order rational difference equations. A Framework for Future Research The theory and techniques developed in this book to understand the dynamics of rational difference equations will be useful in analyzing the equations in any mathematical model that involves difference equations. Moreover, the stimulating conjectures will promote future investigations in this fascinating, yet surprisingly little known area of research.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text | 576 pages
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Chapman & Hall/CRC
  • London, United Kingdom
  • 1584887664
  • 9781584887669

Table of contents

Preface INTRODUCTION Preliminaries Definitions of Stability Linearized Stability Analysis Semicycle Analysis A Comparison Result Full Limiting Sequences Convergence Theorems Equations with Bounded Solutions Some Straightforward Cases The Second Order Rational Equation Boundedness by Iteration Boundedness of Special Cases Existence of Unbounded Solutions Unbounded Solutions Period Trichotomies Existence of Prime Period-Two Solutions Period-Two Trichotomies Period-Three Trichotomy Period-Four Trichotomy Period-Five Trichotomy Period-Six Trichotomy Known Results for Each of the 225 Special Cases Equations Appendices Bibliography Index Each chapter contains an Introduction.show more