Dreams, Healing, and Medicine in Greece

Dreams, Healing, and Medicine in Greece : From Antiquity to the Present

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This volume centers on dreams in Greek medicine from the fifth-century B.C.E. Hippocratic Regimen down to the modern era. Medicine is here defined in a wider sense than just formal medical praxis, and includes non-formal medical healing methods such as folk pharmacopeia, religion, 'magical' methods (e.g., amulets, exorcisms, and spells), and home remedies. This volume examines how in Greek culture dreams have played an integral part in formal and non-formal means of healing. The papers are organized into three major diachronic periods. The first group focuses on the classical Greek through late Roman Greek periods. Topics include dreams in the Hippocratic corpus; the cult of the god Asclepius and its healing centers, with their incubation and miracle dream-cures; dreams in the writings of Galen and other medical writers of the Roman Empire; and medical dreams in popular oneirocritic texts, especially the second-century C.E. dreambook by Artemidorus of Daldis, the most noted professional dream interpreter of antiquity. The second group of papers looks to the Christian Byzantine era, when dream incubation and dream healings were practised at churches and shrines, carried out by living and dead saints. Also discussed are dreams as a medical tool used by physicians in their hospital praxis and in the practical medical texts (iatrosophia) that they and laypeople consulted for the healing of disease. The final papers deal with dreams and healing in Greece from the Turkish period of Greece down to the current day in the Greek islands. The concluding chapter brings the book a full circle by discussing how modern psychotherapists and psychologists use Ascelpian dream-rituals on pilgrimages to Greece.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 360 pages
  • 154 x 236 x 28mm | 759.99g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Ashgate Publishing Limited
  • United Kingdom
  • English
  • Revised ed.
  • Includes 9 b&w illustrations
  • 1409424235
  • 9781409424239
  • 1,445,960

Table of contents

Contents: Introduction: medical pluralism, healing, and dreams in Greek culture, Steven M. Oberhelman; Part 1 Antiquity: The value of dream diagnosis in the medical praxis of the Hippocratics and Galen, Maithe A.A. Hulskamp; Dream healing in Asclepieia in the Mediterranean, Louise Cilliers and FranA ois Pieter Retief; Writing the medical dream in the Hippocratics corpus at Epidaurus, Lee T. Pearcy; Dream hermeneutics in Aelius Aristidesa (TM) Hieroi Logoi, Janet Downie; Illness and its metaphors in Artemidorusa (TM) Oneirocritica: a negative list, Christine Walde. Part 2 Byzantium: Who is behind incubation stories? The hagiographers of Byzantine dream-healing miracles, IldikA^3 Csepregi; Healing dreams in early Byzantine miracle collections, Stavroula Constantinou; Hospital dreams in Byzantium, Timothy S. Miller; The stuff of dreams: substances and dreams in Greek and Latin literature, Jovan Bilbija; Magic, infidelity, and secret annotations in a Cypriot manuscript of the early 14th century Welcome MSL 14), Barbara Zipser. Part 3 The Post-Byzantine Period to the Current Day: Dreams, dreambooks, and post-Byzantine practical healing manuals (iatrosophia), Steven M. Oberhelman; Fields in dreams: anxiety, experience, and the limits of social constructionism in modern Greek dream narratives, Charles Stewart; Dream healing for a new age, Jill Dubisch; Index.show more

About Steven M. Oberhelman

Steven M. Oberhelman is Professor of Greek and Latin and Faculty Cornerstone Fellow of Liberal Arts, Texas A&M University, USA.show more

Review quote

'... Oberhelman succeeded to produce a diachronic collection of articles that offer an overall view of the role dreams played in Greek medicine and their future impact in Byzantine and post-Byzantine Greek thought. The book is elegant and carefully edited.' Bulletin of the History of Medicine '... this volume does successfully what a collection of essays should do: offer a comprehensive coverage of the topic, with different sources, media and perspectives.' Bryn Mawr Classical Reviewshow more