Doing Grammar

Doing Grammar

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Description

The new edition of this text employs insights from contemporary language theories building them into a practical and coherent system that stays firmly rooted within traditional models. Its explanations of how language works are illustrated at each step with diagrams and other visual models. The examples and exercises consist of "real-life" sentences rather than grammar-book examples. Each chapter includes a sentence-analysis exercise with 50 problems. Answers are provided for ten sentences per chapter. A new chapter on how grammar functions in literature and how it is used to improve writing seeks to extend the applications of "Doing Grammar" in this second edition, which also includes new introductory chapter outlines and thoroughly revised chapter summaries. The new edition was class tested for over a year. Each page has been re-thought and redefined to make grammatical analysis clear, understandable, useful, and interesting. It is intended as a guide for students in introductory and advanced grammar and composition courses and for all readers seeking to discover how language works. This book is intended for undergraduates in introductory Grammar courses.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 304 pages
  • 139.7 x 208.28 x 22.86mm | 340.19g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • Ill.
  • 0195097831
  • 9780195097832

Table of contents

1: IDENTIFYING VERB TYPES: What is Grammar?; The Implications of How We Define Grammar; Verbs are Central to Sentence Structure; Intransitive Verbs; Linking Verbs; Transitive Verbs; Two-Place Transitive Verbs; Two-Place Transitives: Vg Verbs; Vc Verbs; The Verb Be; Summary of Verb Types; Verbs and Slots and Nuclei; Verbs Can Change Categories; More Patterns and Some References; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Identifying Verb Types. 2: ANALYZING SENTENCES: Two Main Sentence Parts; Finding Subjects and Predicates; Constituents and the Colonel; Hierarchies; Diagraming and a Ride on the Author's Hobbyhorse; Prepositional Phrases; Adverbs Explained, Sort of; Multiple-Word Verbs; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Identifying Sentence Constituents. 3: EXPANDING VERB PHRASES: Verb Status; Tense and the Predicate; Tense; Mood, A Brief Definition; Modal Auxiliaries and Conditional Mood; What Happened to Future Tense?; Aspect; Perfect Aspect; Past Participles; Progressive Aspect; Differentiating Participles from Adjectives; Putting Tense, Modality and Aspect Together; Principal Parts of Verbs; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Changing Main-Verb Forms III. Identifying Verb Status and Analyzing Sentences. 4: EXPLORING NOUN PHRASES: Types of Nouns; Determiners; The Difference Between Determiners and Adjectives; Articles; Demonstratives; Possessive Pronouns; Numbers; Pre-articles; Post-noun Modifiers; Genitive Nouns (a.k.a. Possessive Nouns); Other Types of Pronouns; Personal Pronouns; Reflexive Pronouns; Indefinite Pronouns; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Identifying Noun Constituents and Analyzing Sentences. 5: REARRANGING AND COMPOUNDING: Rearranging; Negative Sentences; Questions; Yes/No Questions; Wh-Questions; Passive Sentences; The Structure of Passives; Deleting by Phrases; Where Have All the Constituents Gone?; Adjectives or Past Participles?; Passives with Get; Negatives and Questions in Passives; MV Status in Passives; Sentences with There; Expletives; Imperative Sentences; Understood You in Imperative Sentences; Diagraming Imperatives; The Status of Imperatives; Imperatives and Negatives; Compounding; Conjunctions; Punctuating Compounds; Conjunctive Adverbs; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Rearranging and Compounding Sentences III. Analyzing Sentences. 6: CONSTRUCTING RELATIVE CLAUSES: Clauses; Why Do You Combine Clauses?; Relative Clauses; The Structure and Function of Relative Clauses; Where Relative Clauses are Embedded; The Structure of Relative Clauses: The Way It Was; The Relation of a Relative Clause to Its Matrix Clause; Constructing Relative Clauses; Relatives; Relatives; Choosing a Relative Pronoun; Fronted Relatives and Functions; Deleting Object Noun Phrases; Embedding Relative Clauses into Dependent Clauses; Restrictive Clauses; Clauses; Relative Clauses; Grammar as a Discrete Combinatorial System; Hierarchy as Underlying Design: Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Combining Sentences III. Breaking Out Underlying Sentences IV. Analyzing Sentences. 7: REDUCING RELATIVE CLAUSES TO PHRASES: Reducing Relative Clauses; Present Participial Phrases; Past Participial Phrases; Prepositional Phrases; Constituency within Embedded Phrases; Single-Word Participles, Adverbs, and Adjectives; Restrictive Phrases; Parsing, Onion Peeling, and "Thermogrammatics": Some Irreverent Thoughts; Problems Identifying Constituents; Exercises I. Writing Definitions II. Breaking Out Underlying Sentences III. Combining Sentences IV. Analyzing Sentences. 8: MAKING NOUN CLAUSES, GERUNDS, AND INFINITIVES: That-Clauses; Distinguishing Noun Clauses from Relative Clauses; Moving That-Clauses; Wh-Clauses; Infinitives that Function as Nouns; Words that Introduce Infinitives; Infinitives that Function as Adverbs; Gerunds; Putting Structures and Processes Together; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Breaking Out Underlying Sentences III. Combining Sentences IV. Analyzing Sentences. 9: ADDING MODIFIERS TO SENTENCES: Nonrestrictive Modifiers; Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses; Participial Phrases; Appositive Nouns and Adjectives; Appositive Noun Phrases; Appositive Adjective Phrases; Absolute Phrases; Adverb Clauses; Putting Sentence Modifiers Together; A Final Word on Taking Sentences Apart; Exercises: I. Writing Definitions II. Breaking Out Underlying Sentences III. Combining Sentences IV. Analyzing Sentences. 10: WHAT CAN YOU DO NOW THAT YOU CAN DO GRAMMAR? THE RHETORIC OF SENTENCES: Preview; Reflecting on Literature, Style, and Meaning; Getting Rid of Gibberish; Constructing Effective Sentences; Using Punctuation to Improve Sentence Effectiveness;show more

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115 ratings
3.74 out of 5 stars
5 35% (40)
4 24% (28)
3 25% (29)
2 12% (14)
1 3% (4)
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