Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS

Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS

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This monograph provides a unified approach to distributed parameter hydrologic modeling using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Hydrologic models that can utilize the information content of global digital datasets offer tantalizing prospects for improved simulation of surface runoff processes. As data from newly deployed remote sensing platforms come online, hydrologic modeling techniques must keep pace with such high-resolution data. As soon as we embark on simulating hydrologic processes using these digital datasets with GIS, we must address the issues that are the subject of this book, which are the spatial and temporal characteristics of radar rainfall (NEXRAD), topography, soils, and land use/cover. Distributed modeling is demonstrated through case studies and an appendix that sets forth model results using Arc.water.fea. Comparison of model results with observed flood events demonstrates the importance of incorporating spatial variability into model parameters affecting the transformation of precipitation into surface runoff at the river basin scale.
Audience: This volume will be valuable for faculty members, seniors and graduate students, practitioners from civil, agricultural, water resources and environmental engineering fields, hydrologists, physical geographers, and hydrometeorologists engaged in hydrologic modeling.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 316 pages
  • 156 x 233.9 x 20.6mm | 621.43g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands, United States
  • English
  • glossary, index
  • 0792370023
  • 9780792370024

Table of contents

Acknowledgements. Preface. 1. Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS. 2. Data Sources and Structures. 3. Surface Generation. 4. Information Content and Spatial Variability. 5. Infiltration. 6. Hydraulic Roughness. 7. Drainage Network and Topography. 8. Precipitation. 9. r.water.fea -- An Introduction. 10. Calibration. 11. Distributed Modeling Case Studies. Glossary. Index. Appendix.
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