Disposal of Weapon Plutonium

Disposal of Weapon Plutonium : Approaches and Prospects

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This NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Disposal of Weapons Plutonium is a follow-up event to two preceding workshops, each dealing with a special subject within the overall disarmament issue: "Disposition of Weapon Plutonium", sponsored by the NATO Science Committee. The first workshop of this series was held at the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London on 24-25 January 1994, entitled "Managing the Plutonium Surplus, Applications, and Options". Its over- all goal was to clarify the current situation with respect to pluto- nium characteristics and availability, the technical options for use or disposal, and their main technical, environmental, and economic constraints. In the immediate term, plutonium recovered from dismantled nuclear warheads will have to be stored securely, and under international safeguards if possible. In the intermediate term, the principal alter- natives for disposition of this plutonium are: irradiation in mixed- oxide (MOX) fuel assemblies in existing commercial light-water reac- tors or in specially adapted light-water reactors capable of operation with full cores of MOX fuel .and irradiation in future fast reactors. Another option is to blend plutonium with high-level waste as it is vitrified for final disposal in a geologic repository. In both cases, the high radioactivity of the resulting products provides "self- shielding" and prevents separation of plutonium without already- developed and available sophisticated technology. The so-called "spent fuel standard" as an effective protection barrier is - quired in either case.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 352 pages
  • 165.1 x 241.3 x 25.4mm | 748.44g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1996 ed.
  • 352 p.
  • 0792338413
  • 9780792338413

Table of contents

Preface. Session I: Safe Disposal of Weapons Plutonium. 1. Weapons Plutonium Management: The Present Situation, the Methods and the Prospects; A.I. Karelin. 2. Retrievability and Safeguards Concerns Regarding Plutonium in Geological Repositories; J. Swahn. 3. Multibarriers: Their Efficacy Against Intentional Intrusion into a Geological Repository to Retrieve Disposed Plutonium; E.R. Merz. 4. Prospects for Using Plutonium as a Fuel in Russia; V.N. Mikhailov, et al. 5. Plutonium Handling and Vitrification: Main Process Steps and their Cost Evaluation; E. Trauwert, M. Demonie. Session 2: Product Forms. 6. Dissolution of Materials Containing Metal Plutonium and Oxidized Forms of Plutonium; G.P. Nikitina, et al. 7. Crystalline Ceramics: Waste Forms for the Disposal of Weapons Plutonium; R.C. Ewing, et al. 8. The Crystalline Host-Phases for Immobilization of Weapons Plutonium and Waste Actinides; B.E. Burakov, et al. 9. On the Long-Term Storage of Weapons Plutonium in Form of Criticality-Free Ceramics Containing Lithium; J.A. Trutnev, et al. 10. Incorporation of Pu and other Actinides in Borosilicate Glass and in Waste Ceramics; Hj. Matzke, J. van Geel. 11. Feasibility of Rock-Like Fuel and Glass Waste Forms for Disposal of Weapons Plutonium; H. Furuya, et al. 12. Possible Ways of the Weapon Plutonium Processing to Produce the Steady Glass Materials Suitable for Further Safe Disposal; Y.I. Matyunin, et al. 13. Management of Operational Waste from MOX Fuel Plants; F.W. Ledebrink. Session 3: Vitrification Technology. 14. SRS Vitrification Studies in Support of the U.S. Program for Disposition of Excess Plutonium; G.G. Wicks, et al. 15. On the Feasibility of Vitrifying High-Level Liquid Waste Containing High Amounts of Plutonium; M. Demonie, H. Cuyvers. 16. Vitrification of Weapons Plutonium: A Hypothetic Option or a Real Way to Solve the Problem; A.S. Aloy, E.B. Anderson. 17. Vitrification of Plutonium for Disposal; J.A.C. Marples. 18. French Appraisal of the Vitrification Option. Weapons Plutonium or how to get rid of it! A. Jouan. 19. Safety Aspects with Regard to Plutonium Vitrification Techniques; L.W. Gray, T. Kan. Session 4: Disposal in Deep Boreholes. 20. Disposition of Radionuclides in Deep Geological Formations either in Containers or Vitrified Form; T.A. Goupalo. 21. Disposition of Plutonium in Deep Boreholes; W.H. Halsey, et al. Session 5: Long Term Safety Aspects. 22. The Process of the Equipment and Room Surface Pu- Decontamination and Means to Prevent their Contamination; A.B. Pavlov, Ye.I. Yulikov. 23. Technical Basis for Pu Safeguard Practices, Handling and Disposal, PERLA and TAME Experiences; H. Dworschak. 24. Long-Term Safety Aspects of Geological Disposal of Large Quantities of Plutonium; B. Baltes. 25. MPC&A for Plutonium Disposition in the Russian Federation; W.G. Sutcliffe. 26. Ecological Safety Aspects with Regard to Plutonium Disposal; V.F. Menschikov. 6. Summary of Workshop Presentations. 7. NATO Workshop Summary evaluation. Index.
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