Discoveries and Inventions of the Nineteenth Century

Discoveries and Inventions of the Nineteenth Century

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ...in No. i, Plate XVI I., if we suppose the Fraunhofer lines removed. If the pale blue flame of the Bunsen's burner be similarly examined, the spectrum, No. 14, Plate XVI I., shows that only a few rays of certain refrangibilities are emitted, forming bright lines here and there, but of little intensity, while the whole of the other rays are absent. This shows that while the highly heated solid gives off all rays from red to violet without interruption, the still more highly heated gases give off only a few selected rays. It has long been known that some substances impart certain colours to flan.es, and such substances have been long employed to produce coloured effects in fireworks, &c. But coloured flames do not appear to have been examined by the prism until 1822, when Sir John Herschel described the spectra of strontium, copper, and of some other substances, remarking that "The colours thus communicated by the different bases to flame afford in many cases a ready and neat way of detecting extremely minute quantities of them." A few years later, Fox TaIbot described the method of obtaining a monochromatic flame, by using in a spirit-lamp diluted alcohol in which a little salt has been dissolved. The paper in which he describes this and other observations concludes thus: "If this opinion should be correct and applicable to the other definite rays, a glance at the prismatic spectrum of flame may show it to contain substances which it would otherwise require a laborious chemical analysis to detect." Here we have the first hint of that spectrum analysis which has provided the chemist with a method of surpassing delicacy for the detection of metallic elements. The spectra of coloured flames were also subsequently examined and...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 362 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 19mm | 644g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123655745X
  • 9781236557452