Dictionary of National Biography Volume 27

Dictionary of National Biography Volume 27

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1891 edition. Excerpt: ...of English Province, vii. 1882-1 J-T. G. HOLYWOOD or HALIFAX, JOHN, in Latin Johannes De Sacro Bosco (./? 1230. mathematician, was probably born at Halifax in Yorkshire. The statements that he was a Scot (dempster), an Irishman i StaniHrRST ap. "are, Scriptt. Hib.), or a Brabancon are unsupported. Holvwood is said to have studied at Oxford, and to have afterwards settled at Paris about 1230. The remainder of his life wan spent in Paris, where he died, either in 1244 or 1256, according as we interpret some lines on his tomb in the cloister of the Mathurins. M. Christ! bis C. quarto deno qnater anno De Sacro Bosco discrevit tempoTM rumus, Gratia cui dederat nomen diviua Johannes: the later date is the more probable. Holywood's name, in addition to the forms given above, appears also as Holywalde and Holyfax, and in Latin as Sacro Busco and Sacro Busto. Holywood's fame rests entirely on his 'Traetatus de Sphtera, ' a little work in four chapters, which treat respectively of the terrestrial globe, of circles great and small, of the rising and setting of the stars, and of the orbits and movements of the planets. It added nothing to Ptolemy and his Arabic commentators, but enjoyed a great renown during the middle ages, and was still studied for eighty years after Barozzi, in 1570, had pointed out its numerous errors. The manu-' scripts are extremely numerous, and it was the second astronomical work to appear in print. The first edition, which is very rare, appeared at Ferrara in 1472 (4to, pp.24), with the colophon, ' Spha-ru mundt... emendatum per... Petrum bouum Avogarium! Vrrariensem. Impress! Andreas hoc opus; cui Francia nomeu tradidit. At civis Ferrariensis ego.' Twenty-four more editions appeared before 1500, one of which, ...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 370 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 20mm | 658g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236953622
  • 9781236953629