A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities; Being a Continuation of the Dictionary of the Bible'

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities; Being a Continuation of the Dictionary of the Bible'

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1880 edition. Excerpt: ...must be distinguished from its exercise of jurisdiction ia civil or criminal matters. The former was inherent in the original constitution of the Christian communities; the latter was of the nature of voluntary contract. The history of both is intricate, and has yet to be fully written; it must be sufficient to mention here that while the State constantly recognised the ecclesiastical courts as courts of arbitration, and was ready to enforce their sentences when both parties had agreed to rje bound by those sentences, the church on its part endeavoured in the West to compel clerks to resort in all cases to its own courts rather than to the ordinary civil courts. This is seen especially in 3 Cone. Carth. c. 9 = Cod. Ecci. Afric. c. 15, which deposes clerks who resort to secular tribunals in criminal cases, and condemns them to lose their cause in civil cases: Eo in effect, Cone. Milev. c. 19 = Cod. Eccles. Afric. c. 104, Agath. c. 8, 3 Tol. c. 13; and in the Capitularies, Pippini Capit. Vcrn. dupl. c. 18, Hertz, vol. i. p. 26. In addition to, and also in distinction from, both forms of judicial authority, the bishops came to have an independent and extra-judicial authority, which also was enforced by ecclesiastical penalties. Cone. Agath..c. 2, enacts that clerks who neglected their duty were to be corrected by their bishop; if they pertinaciously disregarded such correction, they were to be struck off" the roll and deprived of their pay. Forty years later, Cone. Valent. c. 6, suspends and excommunicates clerks in similar circumstances: still later in the same century Cone. Narb. c. 10, renews the enactment. It is not clear that any of these enactments apply to presbyters, but it is probable that they so strengthened the position of...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 1134 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 56mm | 1,978g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236611500
  • 9781236611505