The Dial Volume 4

The Dial Volume 4

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1884 edition. Excerpt: ...of law. The laws have been the development of the long succession of centuries. They came originally from the government of patriarchal chieftains, deriving their force at first from the good character of these rulers, and their intrinsic merit. Afterward this merit was attributed to a divine authority, believed to have descended from heaven upon the emperors, to whom they were accountable for its use. The political and social ethics of Confucius commended themselves to the judgment of both rulers and people, and after a time became themselves crystallized into laws, which with customs and institutions grew up gradually into a great social polity. Reverence for this polity, for the government of semi-divine origin, for ancestors and for all ancient and established so much of religion as the people possessed, and the ruling thought in all their education, beginning with the youngest child and continuing through all the stages of competitive examinations to the oflicer highest in rank and nearest the person of the emperor. The Chinese system seems to be established by the instincts of heredity; by the teachings of a peculiarly intensified, though narrow, education; by conditions of complete individual and mutual responsibility, --visiting the sins of the offender upon his family, his kindred, and even his neighbors, so that personally or vicariously every otfence must have its atonement; and by a system of strict surveillance, extending from the emperor through all classes to the lowest. Carried to its perfection, this order of government would insure that every act of every man should be known even to his idle words, and for every idle word the man should give account. If this government be judged by its fruits it will not be found more

Product details

  • Paperback | 244 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 13mm | 440g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236872991
  • 9781236872999