Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical Industry, 1900-1939
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Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical Industry, 1900-1939 : New Technologies, Political Frameworks, Markets and Companies

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Description

The editors wish to thank the European Science Foundation for its support of the programme on the Evolution of Chemistry in Europe, 1789-1939, as well as for sponsoring the publication of this volume. Through the subdivision of this initiative that deals specifically with chemical industry it has been possible for historians of science, technology, business and economics to share often widely differing viewpoints and develop consensus across disciplinary and cultural boundaries. The contents of this volume are based on the third of three workshops that have considered the emergence of the modern European chemical industry prior to 1939, the first held in Liege (1994), the second in Maastricht (1995), and the third in Strasbourg (1996). All contributors and participants are thanked for their participation in often lively and informative debates. The generous hospitality of the European Science Foundation and its staff in Strasbourg is gratefully acknowledged. Introduction Emerging chemical knowledge and the development of chemical industry, and particularly the interaction between them, offer rich fields of study for the historian. This is reflected in the contents of the three workshops dealing with the emergence of chemical industry held under the aegis of the European Science Foundation's Evolution of Chemistry in Europe, 1789-1939, programme. The first workshop focused mainly on science for industry, 1789- 1850, and the second on the two-way traffic between science and industry, 1850-1914. The third workshop, dealing with the period 1900-1939, covers similar issues, but within different, and wider, contexts.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 396 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 26.92mm | 1,710g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1998 ed.
  • XII, 396 p.
  • 0792348907
  • 9780792348900

Table of contents

Introduction. Part 1: A New Technology for the 20th Century. High Pressure Industrial Chemistry: The First Steps, 1909-1913, and the Impact; A.S. Travis. Part 2: The Impact and Burden of World War I. Chemistry for King and Kaiser: Revisiting Chemical Enterprise and the European War; R.M. MacLeod. `Productive Collateral' or `Economic Sense?': BASF under French Occupation, 1919-1923; L. Meinzer. Part 3: Science and Industry. Basic Research in Industry: Two Case Studies at I.G. Farbenindustrie AG in the 1920s and 1930s; C. Reinhardt. Ambros, Reppe, and the Emergence of Heavy Organic Chemicals in Germany, 1925-1945; P.J.T. Morris. The Development of Chemical Industry in Sweden and the Contribution of Academic Chemistry after 1900; A. Lundgren. Selling Science: Dutch Debates on the Industrial Significance of University Chemistry, 1903-1932; G.J. Somsen. Part 4: Different Routes to Competitive Advantages. Modernizing Industrial Organic Chemistry: Great Britain between Two World Wars; A.S. Travis. Scaling Up: The Evolution of Intellectual Apparatus Associated with the Manufacture of Heavy Chemicals in Britain, 1900-1939; C. Divall, S. Johnston. The Use of Measuring and Controlling Instruments in the Chemical Industry in Great Britain and the USA During the Period 1900-1939; S. Bennett. Norwegian Capitalists and the Fertiliser Business: The Case of Hafslund and the Odda Process; K. Sogner. The Swiss Pharmaceutical Industry: The Impact of Industrial Property Rights and Trust in the Laboratory, 1907-1939; J. Tanner. Part 5: State Intervention and Industrial Autarky. Technical Change in the Italian Chemical Industry: Markets, Firms and State Intervention; R. Petri. The Frustrated Rise of Spanish Chemical Industry Between the Wars; N. Puig. The Take-Off Phase of Danish Chemical Industry, ca. 1910 1940; H. Kragh. Neglected Potential? The Emergence of the Finnish Chemical Industry, 1900 1939; T. Myllyntaus. Contributors. Abbreviations. Index.
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Review quote

`Overall, this is a very stimulating book that presents us important results of research by historians of science and technology and economic historians on the European chemical industry in the first half of the 20th century.'
HYLE- International Journal of Philosophy of Chemistry, 7:1(2001)
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