The Design of Approximation Algorithms

The Design of Approximation Algorithms

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Description

Discrete optimization problems are everywhere, from traditional operations research planning (scheduling, facility location and network design); to computer science databases; to advertising issues in viral marketing. Yet most such problems are NP-hard; unless P = NP, there are no efficient algorithms to find optimal solutions. This book shows how to design approximation algorithms: efficient algorithms that find provably near-optimal solutions. The book is organized around central algorithmic techniques for designing approximation algorithms, including greedy and local search algorithms, dynamic programming, linear and semidefinite programming, and randomization. Each chapter in the first section is devoted to a single algorithmic technique applied to several different problems, with more sophisticated treatment in the second section. The book also covers methods for proving that optimization problems are hard to approximate. Designed as a textbook for graduate-level algorithm courses, it will also serve as a reference for researchers interested in the heuristic solution of discrete optimization problems.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text | 520 pages
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 86 b/w illus. 121 exercises
  • 1139065157
  • 9781139065153

About David P. Williamson

David P. Williamson is a Professor at Cornell University with a joint appointment in the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering and in the Department of Information Science. Prior to joining Cornell, he was a Research Staff Member at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center and a Senior Manager at the IBM Almaden Research Center. He has won several awards for his work on approximation algorithms, including the 2000 Fulkerson Prize, sponsored by the American Mathematical Society and the Mathematical Programming Society. He has served on several editorial boards, including ACM Transactions on Algorithms, Mathematics of Operations Research, the SIAM Journal on Computing and the SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics. David Shmoys has faculty appointments in both the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering and the Department of Computer Science, and he is currently Associate Director of the Institute for Computational Sustainability at Cornell University. He is a Fellow of the ACM, was an NSF Presidential Young Investigator, and has served on numerous editorial boards, including Mathematics of Operations Research (for which he is currently an associate editor), Operations Research, the ORSA Journal on Computing, Mathematical Programming and both the SIAM Journal on Computing and the SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics; he also served as editor-in-chief for the latter.show more

Table of contents

Part I. An Introduction to the Techniques: 1. An introduction to approximation algorithms; 2. Greedy algorithms and local search; 3. Rounding data and dynamic programming; 4. Deterministic rounding of linear programs; 5. Random sampling and randomized rounding of linear programs; 6. Randomized rounding of semidefinite programs; 7. The primal-dual method; 8. Cuts and metrics; Part II. Further Uses of the Techniques: 9. Further uses of greedy and local search algorithms; 10. Further uses of rounding data and dynamic programming; 11. Further uses of deterministic rounding of linear programs; 12. Further uses of random sampling and randomized rounding of linear programs; 13. Further uses of randomized rounding of semidefinite programs; 14. Further uses of the primal-dual method; 15. Further uses of cuts and metrics; 16. Techniques in proving the hardness of approximation; 17. Open problems; Appendix A. Linear programming; Appendix B. NP-completeness.show more

Review quote

"This is a beautifully written book that will bring anyone who reads it to the current frontiers of research in approximation algorithms. It covers everything from the classics to the latest, most exciting results such as ARV's sparsest cut algorithm, and does so in an extraordinarily clear, rigorous and intuitive manner." Anna Karlin, University of Washington "The authors of this book are leading experts in the area of approximation algorithms. They do a wonderful job in providing clear and unified explanations of subjects ranging from basic and fundamental algorithmic design techniques to advanced results in the forefront of current research. This book will be very valuable to students and researchers alike." Uriel Feige, Professor of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, the Weizmann Institute "Theory of approximation algorithms is one of the most exciting areas in theoretical computer science and operations research. This book, written by two leading researchers, systematically covers all the important ideas needed to design effective approximation algorithms. The description is lucid, extensive and up-to-date. This will become a standard textbook in this area for graduate students and researchers." Toshihide Ibaraki, The Kyoto College of Graduate Studies for Informatics "This book on approximation algorithms is a beautiful example of an ideal textbook. It gives a concise treatment of the major techniques, results and references in approximation algorithms and provides an extensive and systematic coverage of this topic up to the frontier of current research. It will become a standard textbook and reference for graduate students, teachers and researchers in the field." Rolf H. Mohring, Technische Universitat Berlin "I have fond memories of learning approximation algorithms from an embryonic version of this book. The reader can expect a clearly written and thorough tour of all the important paradigms for designing efficient heuristics with provable performance guarantees for combinatorial optimization problems." Tim Roughgarden, Stanford University "This book is very well written. It could serve as a textbook on the design of approximation algorithms for discrete optimization problems. Readers will enjoy the clear and precise explanation of modern concepts, and the results obtained in this very elegant theory. Solving the exercises will benefit all readers interested in gaining a deeper understanding of the methods and results in the approximate algorithms for discrete optimization area." Alexander Kreinin, Computing Reviews "Any researcher interested in approximation algorithms would benefit greatly from this new book by Williamson and Schmoys. It is an ideal starting point for the fresh graduate student, as well as an excellent reference for the experts in the field. The wrting style is very clear and lucid, and it was a pleasure reading and reviewing this book." Deeparnab Chakrabarty for SIGACT News "The structure of the book is very interesting and allows a deeper understanding of the techniques presented. The whole book manages to develop a way of analyzing approximation algorithms and of designing approximation algorithms that perform well." Dana Simian, Mathematical Reviewsshow more

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