Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages

Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages

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Basic notions in the field of creole studies, including the category of "creole languages" itself, have been questioned in recent years: Can creoles be defined on structural or on purely sociohistorical grounds? Can creolization be understood as a graded process, possibly resulting in different degrees of "radicalness" and intermediate language types ("semi-creoles")? If so, by which linguistic structures are these characterized, and by which extralinguistic conditions have they been brought about? Which are the linguistic mechanisms underlying processes of restructuring, and how did grammaticalization and reanalysis shape the reorganization of linguistic, specifically morphosyntactic structures commonly called "creolization"? What is the role of language contact, language mixing, substrates and superstrates, or demographic factors in these processes? This volume provides select and revised papers from a 1998 colloquium at the University of Regensburg in which these questions were addressed. 19 contributions by renowned scholars discuss structural, sociohistorical and theoretical aspects, building upon case studies of both Romance-based and English-oriented creoles. This book marks a major step forward in our understanding of the nature of more

Product details

  • Hardback | 492 pages
  • 106.68 x 406.4 x 30.48mm | 68.04g
  • John Benjamins Publishing Co
  • Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • English, French
  • 1588110397
  • 9781588110398

Table of contents

1. Introduction: "Degrees of restructuring" in creole languages? (by Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid); 2. State of the art; 3. Semi-creolization: Problems in the development of theory (by Holm, John); 4. Theory; 5. Theories of creolization and the degree and nature of restructuring (by Baker, Philip); 6. Creolization is a social, not a structural, process (by Mufwene, Salikoko S.); 7. Defining "creole" as a synchronic term (by McWhorter, John); 8. Opposite processes in "creolization" (by Alleyne, Mervyn C.); 9. Two types of restructuring in French creoles: A cognitive approach to the genesis of tens markers (by Detges, Ulrich); 10. The fate of subject pronouns: Evidence from creole and non-creole languages (by Michaelis, Susanne Maria); 11. Reassessing the role of demographics in language restructuring (by Parkvall, Mikael); 12. Case studies: English-based; 13. "Intermediate" creoles and degrees of change in creole formation: The case of Bajan (by Winford, Donald); 14. Differential creolization: Some evidence from Earlier African American Vernacular English in South Carolina (by Kautzsch, Alexander); 15. Restructuring in vitro? Evidence from Early Krio (by Huber, Magnus); 16. Phonological restructuring in creole: The development of paragoge in Sranan (by Plag, Ingo); 17. The development of the life form lexicon in Tok Pisin (by Muhlhausler, Peter); 18. Case studies: Romance-based; 19. Creolisation du francais et francisation du creole: Le cas de Saint-Barthelemy et de la Reunion (by Chaudenson, Robert); 20. Restructuration dans un creole "conservateur": Le cas du creole louisianais (by Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid); 21. The myth of decreolization: The anomalous case of Palenquero (by Schwegler, Armin); 22. Bozal Spanish: Restructuring or creolization? (by Lipski, John M.); 23. Centre africain et peripherie portugaise dans le creole santiagais du Cap Vert? (by Lang, Jurgen); 24. Subject Index; 25. Language Indexshow more