Definitions

Definitions : Implications for Syntax, Semantics, and the Language of Thought

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Description

The answer to the question "How can we understand and use a definition?" provides new constraints on natural language and on the internal language in which meaning is mentally represented. Most syntax takes the sentence as the basic unit for well-formedness, but definitions force us to focus on words and phrases, and hence to focus on compositional syntax in parallel with compositional semantics. This study examines both dictionary definitions and definitions from textbooks, from the points of view of their syntax, semantics, and use for learning word meaning. The tools used throughout are Principles and Parameters syntax, Relevance theoretic pragmatics, Model theoretic semantics, and the formal theory of definitions. The analyses argue that because phrases can be understood in isolation, some standard syntactic analyses must be modified. 'NP movement' has to be reanalysed as transmission of theta roles. These ideas are then applied to a variety of adjectives which take propositional complements. The final chapter argues that for definitions to be understood, the syntax of the Language of Thought must be close to that of Natural Language in specifiable way.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 362 pages
  • 138 x 216 x 19.81mm | 430g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 113886837X
  • 9781138868373

Table of contents

Preface Acknowledgments 1 Theoretical Preliminaries Introduction A little simple syntax Reelevance theory The 'language of thought' hypothesis Model theoretic semantics The formal interpretation of defintions 2 Dictionary Definitions Introduction Simple nouns Simple adjectives Elimination of simple nouns and adjectives Dictionary definitions-elimination and complements Problem definitions 3 Text Definitions Introduction Characteristics of text definitions Interpretation of simple definitions Complex definitions with 'if' or 'when' Notesshow more

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