Defense in Insects

Defense in Insects

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Description

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Insects have a wide variety of predators, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, carnivorous plants, and other arthropods. The great majority (80-99.99%) of individuals born do not survive to reproductive age, with perhaps 50% of this mortality rate attributed to predation. In order to deal with this ongoing escapist battle, insects have evolved a wide range of defense mechanisms. The only restraint on these adaptations is that their cost, in terms of time and energy, does not exceed the benefit that they provide to the organism in question.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 212 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 12mm | 318g
  • Commun
  • United States
  • English
  • 6135792156
  • 9786135792157