Cyclopedia of Architecture, Carpentry, and Building; A General Reference Work ... Volume 8

Cyclopedia of Architecture, Carpentry, and Building; A General Reference Work ... Volume 8

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ... termed Denticular Doric, an invention of the Romans. As a matter of fact, -however, we have no authentic Roman example in which this corner treatment has been actually employed. Vignola, in placing his triglyph and metope over the center of the column and leaving the corner angle plain, as is shown in this perspective sketch, seems to have taken it for granted that the Romans, in case they employed the Order in this way, would so have treated the external angle of the frieze. But in the best late Roman instance of the use of this Order, the Theater of Marcellus--and that, too, the instance on which Vignola is supposed to have founded his version of the Order--there is no such corner angle treatment, the building itself being circular or elliptical in plan, and therefore requiring no angle treatment whatsoever. The Pedestal of the Order. The possible derivation of the pedestal treatment is suggested in Fig. 125, where the Ionic Order of the Theater of Marcellus is drawn out. It is here seen that the pedestal and its cap form a continuous belt course, merely breaking out around the projecting column; but the actual effect in the building is more that of a continuous dado, upon which are set the column shafts. The reason for this is evident, as otherwise the projecting cornice of the lower Order, the Doric, would completely cut off the lower portion of the Ionic column shaft when seen from the ordinary ground level. As a matter of fact, there is, in Roman usage, no instance of what may strictly speaking be termed a "pedestal" occurring with any Order; and such apparent instances may be traced to one of the two methods already mentioned as used on the Colosseum or on the Temple at Cora. In Syria there are a few examples more

Product details

  • Paperback | 70 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 141g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236947649
  • 9781236947642