The Cults of the Greek States Volume 3

The Cults of the Greek States Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...result. The natural interpretation of 11. 480-482 in the Homeric hymn suggests that by the time of its composition they had already been thrown open to the whole of Hellas; for we cannot suppose that the poet was composing the hymn for the benefit merely of a narrow clique of Eleusinian families, and we must read these words as an appeal to the Hellenic world to come and be initiated: otherwise we should have to say that the author was informing the general public that they were sure of damnation for not being Eleusinian born. We may take it then that by 600 B.C. the mysteries admitted other Hellenes, and it is not rash to suppose that Eleusis by this time was part of the Athenian community. The fantastic view still held apparently by a few writers, that the struggle between Athens and Eleusis which ended in the incorporation of the latter was an incident in the period of Solon or Pisistratus, rests merely on a mistranslation of a simple sentence in Herodotus167: the fragment of Euripides' Erechtheus is in itself evidence sufficient to oblige us to relegate that important event to the prehistoric or at least the dawn of the historic period of Attica b. The Homeric hymn certainly makes no allusion to Athens; but it was obviously the cue of the poet to refrain from any, for he is dealing solely with the remote origins of Eleusinian things. And if we believe that the admission of alien Greeks to the mysteries was a comparatively early event, we can better understand the migration of Eleusinian mystic cult into other localities of Hellas and the antiquity that was claimed for many of these affiliated shrines of Demeter 'EXcvaivia. But it will be more convenient to discuss at the end of this investigation what was the real relation between...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 124 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 7mm | 236g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123680144X
  • 9781236801449
  • 2,422,597