The Cruise of the Antarctic to the South Polar Regions

The Cruise of the Antarctic to the South Polar Regions

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The Norwegian businessman, shipping magnate and whaling entrepreneur Henrik Johan Bull (1844-1930) led the first expedition to make a confirmed landing on the Antarctic mainland, at Cape Adare, in January 1895. Bull's highly readable account of the expedition, published in 1896, reveals both the scientific and the commercial motivations for early Antarctic exploration. His voyage, financed by Svend Foyn, the inventor of the harpoon gun, was mainly for commercial purposes, to investigate reports of right whales in the Ross Sea. Bull, however, insisted on aiming for Antarctica, despite encountering technical problems after the vessel ran aground, and the preference of the ship's master for hunting seals to make the trip financially profitable. A part-time scientist on the expedition was Carsten Borchgrevink (1864-1934), who collected the first specimens of vegetation from the Antarctic, and later, with the Southern Cross expedition, set up the first winter base on the continent.
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Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 12 b/w illus.
  • 1139152068
  • 9781139152068

Table of contents

Preface; 1. Origin of the expedition; 2. Commander Svend Foyn; 3. The steam-whaler Antarctic; 4. The start. Tristan d'Acunha; 5. Kerguelen or Desolation Islands; 6. Melbourne. Intermediate voyage; 7. Start for the Antarctic. Campbell Islands. The first rebuff; 8. Gripped by the ice. Balleny Islands. Christmas in the pack; 9. Serious position. Sudden release; 10. South Victoria Land. Possession Islands. First landing on the Antarctic continent; 11. Farewell to Antarctica. Forcing the pack. Sperm whaling. Break-up of the expedition; 12. Results, commercial and scientific, of our expedition; Appendices.
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