Crops and Environmental Change

Crops and Environmental Change : An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub>

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Description

Examine important global environmental changes that will affect the future of agriculture!

Here is a complete introduction to the influence of global environmental changes on the structure, function, and harvestable yield of major field crops. It gives you an in-depth look at the effects of climate change, air pollution, and soil salinization. The book provides an introduction to the ramifications, both positive and negative, of these ongoing environmental changes for present and future crop production and food supply.

Crops and Environmental Change: An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO2 and O3 Concentrations, and Soil Salinization on Crop Physiology and Yield integrates a discussion of the physiological effects of environmental change with background information on basic topics in plant physiology. Numerous charts, tables, and figures are included to assist in understanding the empirical effects of the environment on crops.

Topics addressed in Crops and Environmental Change include:

the effects of increasing global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration
climatic changes associated with increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases
the effects of increasing ozone concentrations in the lower atmosphere across large crop-growing regions
soil salinization in areas of irrigated crops
the causes and trajectories of ongoing environmental changes
the implications of environmental changes on the future of crop production
and much more!

The information in this book is appropriate for newcomers to the field as well as for seasoned professionals. It is written in language accessible to those new to the area and serves as a good jumping off point for more in-depth study. And since it is organized like a traditional plant physiology textbook, it is appropriate for students in the field. For experienced professionals, it acts as a handy refresher/reference tool on the basics of plant physiology. Crops and Environmental Change is a valuable resource for anyone concerned with the future of agriculture. Make it part of your professional/teaching collection today!
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Product details

  • Paperback | 421 pages
  • 152.4 x 210.8 x 27.9mm | 725.76g
  • Food Products Press,U.S.
  • Abingdon, United Kingdom
  • English
  • New.
  • 1560229136
  • 9781560229131
  • 2,549,468

Table of contents

Preface and Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

Chapter 1. Introduction

Human Population Growth

Environmental Changes

Crops and Food Supply

Population, Crop Yield, and Crop Production

Summary

Chapter 2. Methods of Studying Effects of Environmental Change on Crops

Correlations Between Observed Yield and Historical Patterns of Environmental Variation and Change

Experimental Control of Environmental Conditions

Methods for Salinity Studies

Summary

Chapter 3. Cellular Responses to the Environment

Membrane Structure and Function

Enzymes

Cellular Mechanisms of Stress Resistance

The Role of Calcium in Stress Responses

Specificity, Cross-Talk, and Cross-Tolerance

Summary

Chapter 4. Water Relations

The Future of Fresh Water Resources

Effects of Climate Change on Global Hydrology

Excess Precipitation

Drought

Water Uptake, Transport in Xylem, and Transpiration

The Plant Surface

Roots and Hydraulic Conductance

The Crop Canopy

Environmental Changes

Summary

Chapter 5. Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Biosynthesis

Photosynthesis

Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Photosynthesis

Respiration

Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Respiration

Biosynthesis

Summary

Chapter 6. Partitioning of Photosynthate

Source and Sink

Harvest Index

Methods for Studying Partitioning

Carbon Partitioning Within Source Leaves

Phloem Loading, Transport, and Unloading

Regulation of Whole Plant Carbon Partitioning

Environmental Changes

Summary

Chapter 7. Mineral Nutrition

Nutrient Passage from Soil to Root and Beyond

Regulation of Ion Uptake

Kinetics of Nutrient Uptake

Environmental Changes

Summary

Chapter 8. Vegetative Growth and Development

Growth Patterns

Meristems, Organs, and Development

Shoots

Roots

Developmental Stages

Environmental Changes

Summary

Chapter 9. Sexual Reproduction, Grain Yield, and Grain Quality

Sexually Reproductive Development

Yield Components and Variation

Environmental Changes

Interactive Effects of Environmental Changes on Yield

Summary

Chapter 10. The Biotic Environment

Weeds

Insect Pests and Diseases

Symbiotic Relationships with Soil Organisms

Multiple Environmental Changes and Implications for Biotic Interactions

Summary

Appendix A: List of Plant Species

Appendix B: Definition of U.S. "Principal Crops"

References

Index
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