Critique of Pure Reason; In Commemoration of the Century of Its First Publication Volume 2

Critique of Pure Reason; In Commemoration of the Century of Its First Publication Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1881 edition. Excerpt: ...(liberty); with reference to the existence of changeable things, ' the absolute necessity of nature. We have two expressions, world and nature, which frequently run into each other. The first denotes the mathematical total of all phenomena and the totality of their synthesis, V whether by composition or division. That world, however, is called nature 1 if we look upon it as a dynamical whole, and p. 419 consider not the aggregation in space and time, which produces quantity, but the unity in the existence of phenomena. In this case the condition of that which happens is called cause, the unconditioned causality of the cause as phenomenal, liberty, while the conditioned, in its narrower meaning, is called natural cause. That of which the existence is conditioned is called contingent, that of which it is unconditioned, necessary. The unconditioned necessity of phenomena may be called natural necessity. I have called the ideas, which we are at present discussing, cosmological, partly because we understand by world the totality of all phenomena, our ideas being directed to that only which is unconditioned Nature, if taken adjective (formaliter), is meant to express the whole complex of the determinations of a thing, according to an inner principle of causality; while, if taken substantive (materialiter), it denotes the totalityof phenomena, so far as they are all held together by an internal principle of causality. In the former meaning we speak of the nature of liquid matter, of fire, etc., using the word adjective; while, if we speak of the objects of nature, or of natural objects, we have in our mind the idea of a subsisting whole. among the phenomena; partly, because world, in its transcendental meaning, denotes the totality of all...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 188 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 345g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236748816
  • 9781236748812