Critique of Judgement

Critique of Judgement

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This 1790 polemic by one of philosophy's most important and influential figures attempts to establish the principles that support the faculty of judgment. Kant's third critique after Critique of Practical Reason and Critique of Pure Reason remains one of the most important works on human reason. The Critique of Judgment informs the very basis of modern aesthetics by establishing the almost universally accepted framework for debate of aesthetic issues. As in his previous critiques, Kant seeks to establish a priori principles. The first part of this work addresses aesthetic sensibility. The human response to specific natural phenomena as beautiful, he asserts, is a recognition of nature's harmonious order that corresponds to a mental need for order. The critique's second half focuses on the apparent teleology in nature's design of organisms. The philosopher declares that the mind is predisposed to find purpose and order in nature, and this predisposition forms the main principle underlying all our judgments. Although this could be interpreted as an argument in favor of a creator, Kant insists that a supernatural dimension or the existence of God cannot be proven such considerations lie beyond the realm of reason, solely within the province of faith."show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 288 pages
  • 132 x 206 x 16mm | 258.55g
  • Dover Publications Inc.
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New edition
  • New edition
  • 0
  • 0486445437
  • 9780486445434
  • 55,512

Table of contents

Editor's Introduction Preface Introduction   I. Of the division of Philosophy   II. Of the realm of Philosophy in general   III. Of the Critique of Judgment as a means of combining the two parts of Philosophy into a whole   IV. Of Judgment as a faculty legislating a priori   V. The principle of the formal purposiveness of nature is a transcendental principle of Judgment   VI. Of the combination of the feeling of pleasure with the concept of the purposiveness of nature   VII. Of the aesthetical representation of the purposiveness of nature   VIII. Of the logical representation of the purposiveness of nature   IX. Of the connexion of the legislation of Understanding with that of Reason by means of the Judgment First Part: Critique of the Aesthetical Judgment First Division: Analytic of the Aesthetical Judgment First Book: Analytic of the Beautiful First Moment of the judgment of taste, according to quality   1. The judgment of taste is aesthetical   2. The satisfaction which determines the judgment of taste is disinterested   3. The satisfaction in the pleasant is bound up with interest   4. The satisfaction in the good is bound up with interest   5. Comparison of the three specifically different kinds of satisfaction Second Moment of the judgment of taste, viz. according to quantity   6. The Beautiful is that which apart from concepts is represented as the object of a universal satisfaction   7. Comparison of the Beautiful with the Pleasant and the Good by means of the above characteristic   8. The universality of the satisfaction is represented in a judgment of Taste only as subjective   9. Investigation of the question whether in the judgment of taste the feeling of pleasure precedes or follows the judging of the object Third Moment of judgments of taste, according to the relation of the purposes which are brought into consideration therein   10. Of purposiveness in general   11. The judgment of taste has nothing at its basis but the form of the purposiveness of an object (or of its mode of representation)   12. The judgment of taste rests on a priori grounds   13. The pure judgment of taste is independent of charm and emotion   14. Elucidation by means of examples   15. The judgment of taste is quite independent of the concept of perfection   16. The judgment of taste, by which an object is declared to be beautiful under the condition of a definite concept, is not pure   17. Of the Ideal of Beauty Fourth Moment of the judgment of taste, according to the modality of the satisfaction in the object   18. What the modality in a judgment of taste is   19. The subjective necessity, which we ascribe to the judgment of taste, is conditioned   20. The condition of necessity which a judgment of taste asserts is the Idea of a common sense   21. Have we ground for presupposing a common sense?   22. The necessity of the universal agreement that is thought in a judgment of taste is a subjective necessity, which is represented as objective under the presupposition of a common sense General remark on the first section of the Analytic Second Book: Analytic of the Sublime   23. Transition from the faculty which judges of the Beautiful to that which judges of the Sublime   24. Of the divisions of an investigation into the feeling of the sublime A. Of the Mathematically Sublime   25. Explanation of the term "sublime"   26. Of that estimation of the magnitude of natural things which is requisite for the Idea of the Sublime   27. Of the quality of the satisfaction in our judgments upon the Sublime B. Of the Dynamically Sublime in Nature   28. Of Nature regarded as Might   29. Of the modality of the judgment upon the sublime in nature General remark upon the exposition of the aesthetical reflective Judgment Deduction of [pure] aesthetical judgments   30. The Deduction of aesthetical judgments on the objects of nature must not be directed to what we call Sublime in nature, but only to the Beautiful.   31. Of the method of deduction of judgments of Taste   32. First peculiarity of the judgment of Taste   33. Second peculiarity of the judgment of Taste   34. There is no objective principle of Taste possible   35. The principle of Taste is the subjective principle of Judgment in general   36. Of the problem of a Deduction of judgments of Taste   37. What is properly asserted a priori of an object in a judgment of Taste   38. Deduction of judgments of Taste   39. Of the communicability of a sensation   40. Of Taste as a kind of sensus communis   41. Of the empirical interest in the Beautiful   42. Of the intellectual interest in the Beautiful   43. Of Art in general   44. Of beautiful Art   45. Beautiful Art is an art, in so far as it seems like nature   46. Beautiful Art is the art of genius   47. Elucidation and confirmation of the above explanation of Genius   48. Of the relation of Genius to Taste   49. Of the faculties of the mind that constitute Genius   50. Of the combination of Taste with Genius in the products of beautiful Art   51. Of the division of the beautiful arts   52. Of the combination of beautiful arts in one and the same product   53. Comparison of the respective aesthetical worth of the beautiful arts   54. Remark second Division: Dialectic of the Aesthetical Judgment   55.   56. Representation of the antinomy of Taste   57. Solution of the antinomy of Taste   58. Of the Idealism of the purposiveness of both Nature and Art as the unique principle of the aesthetical Judgment.   59. Of Beauty as the symbol of Morality   60. Appendix: Of the method of Taste Second Part: Critique of the Teleological Judgment   61. Of the objective purposiveness of Nature First Division: Analytic of the Teleological Judgment   62. Of the objective purposiveness which is merely formal as distinguished from that which is material   63. Of the relative, as distinguished from the inner, purposiveness of nature   64. Of the peculiar character of things as natural purposes   65. Things regarded as natural purposes are organised beings   66. Of the principle of judging of internal purposiveness in organised beings   67. Of the principle of the teleological judging of nature in general as a system of purposes   68. Of the principle of Teleology as internal principle of natural science second Division: Dialectic of the Teleological Judgment   69. What is an antinomy of the Judgment?   70. Representation of this antinomy   71. Preliminary to the solution of the above antinomy   72. Of the different systems which deal with the purposiveness of nature   73. None of the above systems give what they pretend   74. The reason that we cannot treat the concept of a Technic of nature dogmatically is the fact that a natural purpose is inexplicable   75. The concept of an objective purposiveness of nature is a critical principle of Reason for the reflective Judgment   76. Remark   77. Of the peculiarity of the human Understanding, by means of which the concept of a natural purpose is possible   78. Of the union of the principle of the universal mechanism of matter with the teleological principle in the Technic of nature Appendix: Methodology of the Teleological Judgment   79. Whether teleology must be treated as if it belonged to the doctrine of nature   80. Of the necessary subordination of the mechanical to the teleological principle in the explanation of a thing as a natural purpose   81. Of the association of mechanism with the teleological principle in the explanation of a natural purpose as a natural product   82. Of the teleological system in the external relations of organised beings   83. Of the ultimate purpose of nature as a teleological system   84. Of the final purpose of the existence of a world, i.e. of creation itself   85. Of Physico-theology   86. Of Ethico-theology   87. Of the moral proof of the Being of God   88. Limitation of the validity of the moral proof   89. Of the use of the moral argument   90. Of the kind of belief in a teleological proof of the Being of God   91. Of the kind of belief produced by a practical faith General remarks on Teleologyshow more

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