Critique of Judgement

Critique of Judgement

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This 1790 polemic by one of philosophy's most important and influential figures attempts to establish the principles that support the faculty of judgment. Kant's third critique -- after Critique of Practical Reason and Critique of Pure Reason -- remains one of the most important works on human reason. The Critique of Judgment informs the very basis of modern aesthetics by establishing the almost universally accepted framework for debate of aesthetic issues.
As in his previous critiques, Kant seeks to establish a priori principles. The first part of this work addresses aesthetic sensibility. The human response to specific natural phenomena as beautiful, he asserts, is a recognition of nature's harmonious order that corresponds to a mental need for order. The critique's second half focuses on the apparent teleology in nature's design of organisms. The philosopher declares that the mind is predisposed to find purpose and order in nature, and this predisposition forms the main principle underlying all our judgments. Although this could be interpreted as an argument in favor of a creator, Kant insists that a supernatural dimension or the existence of God cannot be proven -- such considerations lie beyond the realm of reason, solely within the province of faith.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 288 pages
  • 133 x 206 x 14mm | 259g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New edition
  • New edition
  • 0
  • 0486445437
  • 9780486445434
  • 51,358

Table of contents

Editor's Introduction
Preface
Introduction
I. Of the division of Philosophy
II. Of the realm of Philosophy in general
III. Of the Critique of Judgment as a means of combining the two parts of Philosophy into a whole
IV. Of Judgment as a faculty legislating a priori
V. The principle of the formal purposiveness of nature is a transcendental principle of Judgment
VI. Of the combination of the feeling of pleasure with the concept of the purposiveness of nature
VII. Of the aesthetical representation of the purposiveness of nature
VIII. Of the logical representation of the purposiveness of nature
IX. Of the connexion of the legislation of Understanding with that of Reason by means of the Judgment
First Part: Critique of the Aesthetical Judgment
First Division: Analytic of the Aesthetical Judgment
First Book: Analytic of the Beautiful
First Moment of the judgment of taste, according to quality
1. The judgment of taste is aesthetical
2. The satisfaction which determines the judgment of taste is disinterested
3. The satisfaction in the pleasant is bound up with interest
4. The satisfaction in the good is bound up with interest
5. Comparison of the three specifically different kinds of satisfaction
Second Moment of the judgment of taste, viz. according to quantity
6. The Beautiful is that which apart from concepts is represented as the object of a universal satisfaction
7. Comparison of the Beautiful with the Pleasant and the Good by means of the above characteristic
8. The universality of the satisfaction is represented in a judgment of Taste only as subjective
9. Investigation of the question whether in the judgment of taste the feeling of pleasure precedes or follows the judging of the object
Third Moment of judgments of taste, according to the relation of the purposes which are brought into consideration therein
10. Of purposiveness in general
11. The judgment of taste has nothing at its basis but the form of the purposiveness of an object (or of its mode of representation)
12. The judgment of taste rests on a priori grounds
13. The pure judgment of taste is independent of charm and emotion
14. Elucidation by means of examples
15. The judgment of taste is quite independent of the concept of perfection
16. The judgment of taste, by which an object is declared to be beautiful under the condition of a definite concept, is not pure
17. Of the Ideal of Beauty
Fourth Moment of the judgment of taste, according to the modality of the satisfaction in the object
18. What the modality in a judgment of taste is
19. The subjective necessity, which we ascribe to the judgment of taste, is conditioned
20. The condition of necessity which a judgment of taste asserts is the Idea of a common sense
21. Have we ground for presupposing a common sense?
22. The necessity of the universal agreement that is thought in a judgment of taste is a subjective necessity, which is represented as objective under the presupposition of a common sense
General remark on the first section of the Analytic
Second Book: Analytic of the Sublime
23. Transition from the faculty which judges of the Beautiful to that which judges of the Sublime
24. Of the divisions of an investigation into the feeling of the sublime
A. Of the Mathematically Sublime
25. Explanation of the term "sublime"
26. Of that estimation of the magnitude of natural things which is requisite for the Idea of the Sublime
27. Of the quality of the satisfaction in our judgments upon the Sublime
B. Of the Dynamically Sublime in Nature
28. Of Nature regarded as Might
29. Of the modality of the judgment upon the sublime in nature
General remark upon the exposition of the aesthetical reflective Judgment
Deduction of [pure] aesthetical judgments
30. The Deduction of aesthetical judgments on the objects of nature must not be directed to what we call Sublime in nature, but only to the Beautiful.
31. Of the method of deduction of judgments of Taste
32. First peculiarity of the judgment of Taste
33. Second peculiarity of the judgment of Taste
34. There is no objective principle of Taste possible
35. The principle of Taste is the subjective principle of Judgment in general
36. Of the problem of a Deduction of judgments of Taste
37. What is properly asserted a priori of an object in a judgment of Taste
38. Deduction of judgments of Taste
39. Of the communicability of a sensation
40. Of Taste as a kind of sensus communis
41. Of the empirical interest in the Beautiful
42. Of the intellectual interest in the Beautiful
43. Of Art in general
44. Of beautiful Art
45. Beautiful Art is an art, in so far as it seems like nature
46. Beautiful Art is the art of genius
47. Elucidation and confirmation of the above explanation of Genius
48. Of the relation of Genius to Taste
49. Of the faculties of the mind that constitute Genius
50. Of the combination of Taste with Genius in the products of beautiful Art
51. Of the division of the beautiful arts
52. Of the combination of beautiful arts in one and the same product
53. Comparison of the respective aesthetical worth of the beautiful arts
54. Remark
second Division: Dialectic of the Aesthetical Judgment
55.
56. Representation of the antinomy of Taste
57. Solution of the antinomy of Taste
58. Of the Idealism of the purposiveness of both Nature and Art as the unique principle of the aesthetical Judgment.
59. Of Beauty as the symbol of Morality
60. Appendix: Of the method of Taste
Second Part: Critique of the Teleological Judgment
61. Of the objective purposiveness of Nature
First Division: Analytic of the Teleological Judgment
62. Of the objective purposiveness which is merely formal as distinguished from that which is material
63. Of the relative, as distinguished from the inner, purposiveness of nature
64. Of the peculiar character of things as natural purposes
65. Things regarded as natural purposes are organised beings
66. Of the principle of judging of internal purposiveness in organised beings
67. Of the principle of the teleological judging of nature in general as a system of purposes
68. Of the principle of Teleology as internal principle of natural science
second Division: Dialectic of the Teleological Judgment
69. What is an antinomy of the Judgment?
70. Representation of this antinomy
71. Preliminary to the solution of the above antinomy
72. Of the different systems which deal with the purposiveness of nature
73. None of the above systems give what they pretend
74. The reason that we cannot treat the concept of a Technic of nature dogmatically is the fact that a natural purpose is inexplicable
75. The concept of an objective purposiveness of nature is a critical principle of Reason for the reflective Judgment
76. Remark
77. Of the peculiarity of the human Understanding, by means of which the concept of a natural purpose is possible
78. Of the union of the principle of the universal mechanism of matter with the teleological principle in the Technic of nature
Appendix: Methodology of the Teleological Judgment
79. Whether teleology must be treated as if it belonged to the doctrine of nature
80. Of the necessary subordination of the mechanical to the teleological principle in the explanation of a thing as a natural purpose
81. Of the association of mechanism with the teleological principle in the explanation of a natural purpose as a natural product
82. Of the teleological system in the external relations of organised beings
83. Of the ultimate purpose of nature as a teleological system
84. Of the final purpose of the existence of a world, i.e. of creation itself
85. Of Physico-theology
86. Of Ethico-theology
87. Of the moral proof of the Being of God
88. Limitation of the validity of the moral proof
89. Of the use of the moral argument
90. Of the kind of belief in a teleological proof of the Being of God
91. Of the kind of belief produced by a practical faith
General remarks on Teleology
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