Criminals and Their Scientists

Criminals and Their Scientists : The History of Criminology in International Perspective

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This book presents research on the history of criminology from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century in Western Europe (Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Italy) and in Argentina, Australia, Japan, and the United States. Approaching the history of criminology as a history of science and practice, the essays examine the discourse on crime and criminals that surfaced as part of different discourses and practices, including the activities of the police and the courts, parliamentary debates, media reports, as well as the writings of moral statisticians, jurists, and medical doctors. In addition, the book seeks to elucidate the relationship between criminological discourse and politics, society, and culture by providing a comparative study of the worldwide reception of Cesare Lombroso's criminal-anthropological more

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" excellent example of the kind of fruitful, elucidating, and exciting ideas that can result from international scholarly exchanges...[Becker and Wetzell] are to be commended for assembling such a varied and yet surprisingly focused collection of writings that will provide historians with new methods and models for thinking about the history of crime and punishment in world-historical perspective." H-France Review, Allyson J. Delnore, Marquette University. "...well documented and carefully reasoned essays dealing with the historical core of criminology..." -Roberta Panzarella, The American Journal of Legal History "...the thrust and the content of the book works well...this is an important collection that no one interested in criminal justice in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries can afford to ignore." --Clive Emsley, Open University, The International History Reviewshow more

Table of contents

Part I. Non-academic Sites of Nineteenth-Century Criminological Discourse: 1. The French Revolution and the origins of French criminology Marc Renneville; 2. Murderers and 'reasonable men': the 'criminology' of the Victorian Judiciary Martin J. Wiener; 3. Unmasking counterhistory: an introductory exploration of criminality and the Jewish question Michael Berkowitz; 4. Moral discourse and reform in urban Germany, 1880s-1914 Andrew Lees; 5. The criminologists' gaze at the underworld: toward an archaeology of criminological writing Peter Becker; Part II. Criminology as Scientific and Political Practice in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: 6. Cesare Lombroso and Italian criminology: theory and politics Mary S. Gibson; 7. Criminal anthropology: its reception in the United States and the nature of its appeal Nicole Hahn Rafter; 8. From the 'atavistic' to the 'inferior' criminal type: the impact of the Lombrosian theory of the born criminal on German psychiatry Mariacarla Gadebusch Bondio; 9. Criminology, hygienism, and eugenics in France, 1870-1914: the medical debates on the elimination of 'incorrigible' criminals Laurent Muccielli; 10. Crime, prisons, and psychiatry: reconsidering problem populations in Australia, 1890-1930 Stephen Garton; 11. Positivist criminology and state formation in modern Argentina, 1890-1940 Ricardo D. Salvatore; 12. The birth of criminology in modern Japan Yoji Nakatani; Part III. The Making of the Criminologist: 13. The international congresses of criminal anthropology: shaping the French and international criminological movement, 1886-1914 Martine Kaluszynski; 14. Making criminologists: tools, techniques, and the production of scientific authority David G. Horn; 15. 'One of the strangest relics of a former state': tattoos and the discourses of criminality in Europe, 1880-1920 Jane Caplan; 16. What criminals think about criminology: French criminals and criminological knowledge at the end of the nineteenth century Philippe Artieres; 17. Talk of the town: the murder of Lucie Berlin and the production of local knowledge Peter Fritzsche; Part IV. Criminology in the First Half of the Twentieth Century: The Case of Weimar and Nazi Germany: 18. Criminology in Weimar and Nazi Germany Richard F. Wetzell; 19. The Biology of mortality: criminal biology in Bavaria, 1924-1933 Oliver Liang; 20. Criminals and their analysts: psychoanalytic criminology in Weimar Germany and the first Austrian Republic Gabriel N. Finder; 21. Drinking and crime in modern Germany Geoffrey J. more

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