Criminal Justice Today

Criminal Justice Today : An Introductory Text for the 21st Century

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For Introduction to Criminal Justice, Administration of Justice, and Criminal Justice courses at the freshman/sophomore/junior undergraduate levels.This text strives to teach criminal justice students the fundamental tried-and-true concepts of an evolving discipline, give them the critical thinking skills necessary to effectively apply those concepts to the real-world, and to apply those concepts and skills to today's problems and emerging issues of tomorrow. The Sixth Edition offers a stellar multimedia package with the text, including a Companion Website; a "Cybrary" providing thousands of current Websites to facilitate research, writing, and learning; and online teaching options such as WebCT.The #1 best-selling book for introduction to criminal justice!show more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 749 pages
  • 210.8 x 274.3 x 35.6mm | 1,655.63g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
  • English
  • 6th edition
  • 0130851485
  • 9780130851482

Back cover copy

WebExtras! These hyperlinks, build right into the text, take students to crime and justice-related Web sites. Interspersed throughout every chapter, WebExtras! Include the FBI's home page, a virtual tour of the U.S. Supreme Court, an in-depth history of the Columbine High School shooting, and much more! Library Extras! These end-of-chapter Web-based "additional readings" lead students to 100 Web-documents that expand on materials and concepts found in the text. Web Quests! Found at the end of each chapter, these fascinating Web-based assignments are designed to teach students how to use the Internet to research topics and to find information in the criminal justice area. Author Audio Introductions These chapter-specific audio introductions have been recorded by the author to provide additional insight into the workings of the justice system. In the sixth edition, "Criminal Justice Today's" rock-solid academic foundation has been combined with the latest in innovative instructional technology to create a learning package that fulfills the promise of making this book "The Introductory Textbook for the Twenty First Century." Available supplements include: Award-winning World Wide Web sites: www.prenhall.com/schmalleger and www.cjtoday.com Student Study Guide WebCT and Blackboard courses State specific supplements for New York, California, Texas, Illinois, and Floridashow more

Table of contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with Summary and Discussion Questions, WebQuest! and Library Extras!)I. CRIME IN AMERICA. 1. What Is Criminal Justice? Justice and Criminal Justice. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Things to Come: An Overview of This Book.2. The Crime Picture. Introduction: Sources of Data. The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Emerging Patterns of Criminal Activity. Women and Crime. The Economic Cost of Crime.3. The Search for Causes. Why Is There Crime? Criminological Theory. The Classical School. Biological Theories. Psychobiological Theories. Psychological Theories. Sociological Theories. Social-Psychological Theories. Conflict Theories. The Phenomenological School. Emergent Theories.4. Criminal Law. Sources of Modern Criminal Law. The Development of Law. The Rule of Law. Purposes of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.II. POLICING. 5. Policing: History and Structure. Historical Development of the Police. American Law Enforcement Today: From the Federal to the Local Level. Private Protective Services.6. Police Management. Contemporary Policing: The Administrative Perspective. Contemporary Policing: The Individual Officer. Contemporary Policing: Issues and Challenges. Professionalism and Ethics.7. Policing: Legal Aspects. The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. The Intelligence Function.III. ADJUDICATION. 8. The Courts. Introduction. American Court History. Pretrial Activities.9. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial. Introduction. The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process.10. Sentencing. Crime and Punishment: Introduction. The Philosophy of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. The Rise of Structured Sentencing. Mandatory Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. The Sentencing Environment. The Presentence Investigation Report. The Victim-Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.IV. CORRECTIONS. 11. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections Introduction to Community Corrections. What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole.12. Prisons and Jails. Early Punishments. The Emergence of Prisons. Prisons Today. Jails. Private Prisons.13. Prison Life. Realities of Prison Life: The Male Inmate's World. Realities of Prison Life: The Staff World. Prison Riots. Realities of Prison Life: Women in Prison. Prisoners' Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today.V. SPECIAL ISSUES. 14. Juvenile Justice. Introduction. Juvenile Justice throughout History. The Problems of Children Today. Significant Court Decisions Affecting Juveniles. The Juvenile Justice Process Today.15. Drugs and Crime. The Drug Problem and the Criminal Justice System. A History of Drug Abuse in America. What Are Drugs-And Who Is Using Them? Drugs, Crime, and Social Problems. Solving the Drug Abuse Problem.16. Multinational Criminal Justice. The International Perspective. The Chinese Justice System. Islamic Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice in England and Wales. International Criminal Justice Organizations.17. The Future of Criminal Justice. Introduction. Technology and Criminal Justice. Terrorism. Technology and Individual Rights.Bill of Rights. List of Acronyms. Glossary. Case Index. Name Index. Subject Index.show more

About Frank Schmalleger

FRANK SCHMALLEGER, Ph.D. is Director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. The Justice Research Association, which is based in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, serves the needs of the nation's civil and criminal justice planners and administrators through workshops, conferences, and grant-writing and program-evaluation support. It can be reached on the Web at http:/cjcentral.com/jra. Dr. Schmalleger is also founder and codirector of the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium (http:/cjcentral.com.cjdlc).Dr. Schmalleger holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University, having earned both a master's degree (1970) and a doctorate in sociology (1974) from Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. For the last 16 of those years he chaired the university's Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. As an adjunct professor at Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Schmalleger helped develop the university's graduate program in Security Administration and Loss Prevention. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade. Schmalleger has also taught in the New School for Social Research's online graduate program, helping build the world's first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. An avid Web developer, Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning World Wide Web sites, including some which support this textbook (http://www.prenhall.com/schmalleger; http://cjtoday.com; and http://talkjustic.com/cybrary.asp).Frank Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and many books, including the widely used Criminology Today (Prentice Hall, 1999); Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Prentice Hall, 2001); Criminal Law Today (Prentice Hall, 1999), Crime and the Justice System in America: An Encyclopedia (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997), Trial of the Century: People of the State of California vs. Orenthal James Simpson (Prentice Hall, 1996); Computers in Criminal Justice (Wyndham Hall Press, 1991); Career Paths: A Guide to Jobs in Federal Law Enforcement (Regents/Prentice Hall, 1994); Criminal Justice Ethics (Greenwood Press, 1991); Finding Criminal Justice in the Library (Wyndham Hall Press, 1991); Ethics in Criminal Justice (Wyndham Hall Press, 1990); A History of Corrections (Foundations Press of Notre Dame, 1983); and The Social Basis of Criminal Justice (University Press of America, 1981).Schmalleger is also founding editor of the journal The Justice Professional. He serves as editor for the Prentice Hall series Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century and as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group's criminal justice reference series.Schmalleger's philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: "To communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person's interest-be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must-in some way-help solve those problems."show more

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