Criminal Justice Today : An Introductory Text for the 21st Century
For courses in Introduction to Criminal Justice, Administration of Justice, Criminal Justice, Introduction to Justice Administration.THE best-selling text in the field, Criminal Justice Today is a contemporary multimedia introduction to criminal justice that provides a realistic description of the American criminal justice system and how it works-police, courts, and corrections. Much more than an "encyclopedia" of criminal justice topics (which is what competing texts often are), it provides an intricately woven picture of contemporary American criminal justice. Using a three-pronged thematic approach, it helps students integrate the wealth of material to which they are exposed, and assumes a forward-looking perspective that recognizes the importance of individual rights, social order, multiculturalism, and high-technology as they affect the day-to-day practice of criminal justice. The complete multimedia learning package features a host of teaching/learning tools that are book-specific and were individually selected or created by the author.
- Hardback | 795 pages
- 215.9 x 287.5 x 36.8mm | 1,959.54g
- 12 Jul 2002
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
- 7th edition
Table of contents
(NOTE: Each chapter begins with an Introduction and concludes with a Summary, Discussion Questions, Web Quests, and Library Extras.)I. CRIME IN AMERICA. 1. What Is Criminal Justice? Crime in the Last Half Century. The Themes of this Book. Social Justice. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Technology Center. Multiculturalism and Diversity in Criminal Justice. Justice System. Things to Come: An Overview of this Book.2. The Crime Picture. The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Guns, Crime, and Gun Control. Emerging Patterns of Criminal Activity. The Economic Cost of Crime.3. The Search for Causes. Criminological Theory. The Classical School. Biological Theories. Psychobiological Theories. Psychological Theories. Sociological Theories. Social-Psychological Theories. Conflict Theories. The Phenomenological School. Emergent Theories.4. Criminal Law. The Development of Law. The Rule of Law. Purposes of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.II. POLICING. 5. Policing: History and Structure. Historical Development of the Police. American Law Enforcement Today: From the Federal to the Local Level. Private Protective Services.6. Police Management. Police Administration. Discretion and the Individual Officer. Issues and Challenges in Contemporary Policing. Ethics and Gender Diversity in Policing.7. Policing Legal Aspects. The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. Offenses. The Intelligence Function. Gathering Special Kinds of Non-testimonial Evidence.III. ADJUDICATION. 8. The Courts. American Court History. Pretrial Activities. CJ Today Exhibit 8-1: Non-judicial Pretrial Release Decisions.9. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial. The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process.10. Sentencing. The Philosophy and Goals of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. Structured Sentencing. Mandatory Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Innovations in Sentencing. The Sentencing Environment. The Presentence Investigation Report. The Victim-Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.IV. CORRECTIONS. 11. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections. What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole. CJ Today Exhibit Futures: Probation Kiosks: High-tech Supervision.12. Prisons and Jails. Early Punishments. The Emergence of Prisons. Prisons Today. Jails. Private Prisons.13. Prison Life. Research on Prison Life-Total Institutions. The Male Inmate's World. The Female Inmate's World. The Staff World. Prison Riots. Prisoners' Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today.V. SPECIAL ISSUES. 14. Juvenile Justice. Juvenile Justice throughout History. The Problems of Children Today. The Legal Environment. The Juvenile Justice Process Today. What Would You Do? The Post-Juvenile Court Era.15. Drugs and Crime. Drug Abuse: More than an Individual Choice. What Is a Drug? A History of Drug Abuse in America. Anti-drug Legislation. The Most Common Drugs...and Who Is Using Them. Drugs, Crime, and Social Problems. Narco-terrorism. Solving the Drug Problem.16. Multinational Criminal Justice. The International Perspective. The Chinese Justice System. Islamic Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice in England and Wales. International Criminal Justice Organizations.17. The Future of Criminal Justice. Technology and Criminal Justice. Terrorism. Controlling Terrorism. Technology and Individual Rights.Bill of Rights. List of Acronyms. Glossary. Case Index. Name Index. Subject Index.
About Frank Schmalleger
Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, where he chaired the Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice for nearly 20 years. He currently serves as director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. Dr. Schmalleger is also founder and codirector of the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium (http://cjcentral.com/cjdlc). Dr. Schmalleger holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University, having earned both a master's degree (1970) and a doctorate in sociology (1974) from Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. He served as an adjunct professor at Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, where he helped develop the university's graduate program in Security Administration and Loss Prevention. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade. Schmalleger also taught in the New School for Social Research's online graduate program, helping build the world's first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. An avid Web developer, Schmalleger is the creator of a number of award-winning websites, including some that support this textbook (http://www.prenhall.com/schmalleger; http://cjtoday.com, and http://cybrary.info). Frank Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and many books, including the widely used Criminology Today (Prentice Hall, 2002); Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Prentice Hall, 2002); Criminal Law Today (Prentice Hall, 2002); The Definitive Guide to Criminal Justice and Criminology on the World Wide Web (Prentice Hall, 2002); Corrections in the Twenty first Century (Glencoe, 2001), coauthored with John Smykla; Crime and the Justice System in America: An Encyclopedia (Greenwood, 1997); and Trial of the Century: People of the State of California vs. Orenthal James Simpson (Prentice Hall, 1996). Schmalleger is the founding editor of the journal The Justice Professional. He has served as editor for the Prentice Hall series Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century and as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group's criminal justice reference series. Schmalleger's philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: "To communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person's interest-be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must-in some way-help solve those problems."