Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice : Mainstream and Crosscurrents

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Prentice Hall is proud to introduce Criminal Justice: Mainstream & Crosscurrents by John Fuller, a brand new contemporary and comprehensive textbook option for your Introduction to Criminal Justice course. Building upon John Fuller's experience as a criminal justice practitioner, scholar and teacher, Criminal Justice: Mainstream & Crosscurrents asks students to think critically about the goals and processes of the criminal justice system and introduces them to important ethical dilemmas faced by criminal justice professionals. The book examines the goals and structure of the CJ system (theories) and contrasts the system's successes and efforts at reform (realities). "I would argue that this is the best introductory to criminal justice text available. It is highly readable, interesting, up to date, supported with empirical work and critical!plus it just reads so well." Kim Davies, Augusta State College "I applaud the author for writing something other than a replica of existing intro texts. I believe it's time we provide instructors with viable options."-Ronald Burns, Texas Christian University "The text not only caught my attention, but was difficult to put down, so in essence I am saying it is not only educational but entertaining as well. " -David Streeter, Catawba Valley Community College "I like the narrative style that explains legal concepts in a clear and comprehensible manner without losing the reader in legal jargon." -Robert P. Griffiths, Esq., Suffolk County Community Collegeshow more

Product details

  • Hardback | 624 pages
  • 215.9 x 269.2 x 30.5mm | 1,519.55g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Prentice Hall
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 013112255X
  • 9780131122550

Table of contents

I. CRIME: PROBLEMS, MEASUREMENT, THEORIES, AND LAW. 1. The Problem of Social Control. INTRODUCTION. What is Crime? SOCIAL CONTROL. Crime in the United States. Sensational Crime. Street Crime. Corporate Crime, White Collar Crime, and Organized Crime. THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. Levels of Government. Local-Level Criminal Justice. State-Level Criminal Justice. Federal-Level Criminal Justice. The Criminal Justice Process. The Problem with the System Metaphor. It All Begins with the Family. Religion. Schools. The Media. The System of Last Resort. SUMMARY. 2. The Nature and Measurement of Crime. INTRODUCTION. CATEGORIES OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS. Crimes Against the Person. Crimes Against Property. Crimes Against the Public Order. MEASUREMENT OF CRIME. The Uniform Crime Reports. National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Victimization Surveys. Self-Report Studies. FEAR OF CRIME. SUMMARY. 3. Theories of Crime. INTRODUCTION. DEMONOLOGY. THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY. Cesare Beccaria. Jeremy Bentham. THE POSITIVIST SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY. Biological Theories of Crime. Psychological Theories Of Crime. Sociological Theories of Crime. Critical Sociological Theories of Crime. SUMMARY. 4. Criminal Law. INTRODUCTION. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRIMINAL LAW. The Code of Hammurabi. Magna Carta. Common Law. SOURCES OF LAW. Constitutions. Statutes. Administrative Rules. TYPES OF LAW. Criminal Law. Criminal vs. Civil Law. Substantive Law. Procedural Law. Case Law. TYPES OF CRIME. Felonies. Misdemeanors. Inchoate Offenses. FEATURES OF CRIME. Actus Reus. Mens Rea. Concurrence. Strict Liability. CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY AND CRIMINAL DEFENSE. SUMMARY. II. ENFORCING THE LAW. 5. The History and Organization of Law Enforcement. INTRODUCTION. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE POLICE. Police in Ancient Times. Policing in Early England. The Gin Effect. Policing in the United States. The 19th Century. The New York City Influence. London vs. New York. The Chicago Influence. Vigilante Policing. The Introduction Of Police Professionalism. The Wickersham Commission and August Vollmer. Other Reformers. MODERN POLICE ORGANIZATION. The Problem of Jurisdiction. THE LEVELS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT. The Federal Level. Careers. Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Secret Service. The State Level. Highway Patrol. The Local Level. Sheriffs' Offices. INNOVATIONS IN POLICING. The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment. The Rand Study of Detectives. The DARE Program. SUMMARY. 6. Controlling the Police. INTRODUCTION. POLICE DISCRETION. THE EXPECTATIONS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT. THE QUASI-MILITARY NATURE OF POLICE ORGANIZATIONS. THE VARIETY OF POLICING STYLES. The Watchman Style. The Legalistic Style. The Service Style. THE POLICE SUBCULTURE AND POLICE CORRUPTION. Police Corruption. The Knapp Commission. PROCEDURAL LAWS AND POLICING. The Fourth Amendment. Search. Special-Needs Searches. Seizures. Stop and Frisk. Arrests. Interrogation, Confessions and the Exclusionary Rule. SUMMARY. 7. Issues in Policing. INTRODUCTION. POLICE USE OF FORCE. The Police as Soldiers. Police Use of Force and SWAT Teams. Proactive Policing and Force. GENDER AND RACE. Women as Police Officers. Minorities as Police. CHALLENGES TO TRADITIONAL POLICING. Community Policing. Problem-Oriented Policing. Community Policing In Perspective Box. Zero-Tolerance Policing. "Broken Windows" And Police Problems. POLICE STRESS AND BURNOUT. Police and Alcohol. Family Problems and the Police. The Police and Suicide. Dealing With the Stress of Policing. SUMMARY. III. THE ROLE OF THE COURTS. 8. The History and Organization of Courts. INTRODUCTION. COURTS IN HISTORY. Before There Were Courts: The Blood Feud. Courts in England. Trial by Compurgation. Trial by Ordeal. Trial by Battle. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE JURY. The Grand Jury. The Jury Trial. The Magna Carta. Court of Star Chamber. COURTS IN COLONIAL AMERICA. Slavery and the Law. Our Heritage of Due Process. THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE COURT. THE ORGANIZATION OF COURTS. The Nature of Jurisdiction. The Structure of the Federal Courts. U.S. Magistrate Courts. U.S. District Courts. U.S. Court of Appeals. U.S. Supreme Court. Specialized Federal Courts. State Courts. State Trial Courts. State Intermediate Courts of Appeal. State Supreme Courts. SUMMARY. 9. Working in the Courtroom. INTRODUCTION. THE COURTROOM WORK GROUP. The Prosecutor. Prosecution at the Federal Level. Prosecution in State Courts. The Prosecutor at Work. The Defense Attorney. The Defense Attorney and the Courtroom Workgroup. The Best Defense: Private Attorney or Public Defender? The Judge. Judicial Selection. Defendants, Victims, and Witnesses. Defendants. Victims. Witnesses. PRETRIAL RELEASE DECISIONS. SUMMARY. 10. The Disposition: Plea-Bargaining, Trial, and Sentencing. INTRODUCTION. PLEA BARGAINING. Other Benefits of Plea Bargaining. Should Plea Bargaining Be Abolished? THE TRIAL. Pretrial Motions. Opening Arguments. Presentation of Witnesses and Evidence. The Case Goes to the Jury. Evidence. The Defense Doesn't Rest. RIGHTS AND WRONGS IN THE COURTHOUSE. "I Know My Rights." Victims' Rights. SENTENCING THE OFFENDER. The Indeterminate Sentence. The Determinate Sentence. Mandatory Minimum Sentences. SUMMARY. IV. FROM PENOLOGY TO CORRECTIONS AND BACK. 11. The History of Control. INTRODUCTION. BEFORE THERE WERE PRISONS. Corporal Punishment. Economic Punishment. PRISONS IN AMERICA. Control in the Colonies. The Development of the Penitentiary: 1780-1860. The Age of Reform: 1860-1900. Prison Labor and Public Works: 1900-1930. The Age of Rehabilitation: 1930-1970. The Retributive Era: 1970s to Present. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. Capital Punishment in Historical Perspective. Arguments Supporting Capital Punishment. Arguments Against Capital Punishment. SUMMARY. 12. The Contemporary Prison. INTRODUCTION. PRISON LIFE. The Inmate Subculture. Prison Gangs. Pelican Bay. Prison Riots and Violence. Attica Prison Riot. New Mexico Prison Riot. WORKING IN THE PRISON. COURTS AND THE PRISON. The Eighth Amendment. The 14th Amendment: Due Process. The 14th Amendment: Equal Protection. PRIVATE PRISONS. SUMMARY. 13. Corrections in the Community. INTRODUCTION. COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS IN CONTEXT. DIVERSION. PROBATION. Probation Officers at Work. Investigation. Supervision. Service. PAROLE. When to Parole. Re-entry and "Making It." INTERMEDIATE SANCTIONS. Boot-Camp Prisons. Shock Probation. Jails. SUMMARY. V. PROBLEMS IN THE CROSSCURRENTS. 14. Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice. INTRODUCTION. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDHOOD AND THE LAW. Juveniles in the Early United States. Houses of Refuge. The Juvenile Court. CHILDREN AND SOCIETY. Types of Youths in the Juvenile Justice System. Juvenile Crime in Context. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM. PROBLEMATIC ISSUES IN JUVENILE JUSTICE TODAY. The Chronic Offender. Youth Gangs. Conditions of Youth Confinement. Treating Children as Adults. Zero Tolerance. THE FUTURE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE. SUMMARY. 15. Crime and Values: Drugs, Gambling, and Sex Work. INTRODUCTION. DRUG USE AND ABUSE. Drug Abuse. A Short History of Drug Use and Drug Laws in America. Drug-Control Legislation. The War on Drugs. Drug Treatment. The Decriminalization and Legalization Debate. Legalization. The Police and Drugs. GAMBLING. SEX WORK. Prostitution. Strippers and Exotic Dancers. Pornography. SUMMARY. 16. Present and Emerging Trends: The Futures of Criminal Justice. INTRODUCTION. WAR AND PEACE IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. The Wars on Crime and Drugs. The War on Terrorism. The Impact of September 11, 2001. The Patriot Act. How Terrorism is Changing the Criminal Justice System. PEACEMAKING CRIMINOLOGY AND RESTORATIVE JUSTICE. Religious and Humanist Tradition. Feminist Tradition. Critical Traditions. The Peacemaking Pyramid. Restorative Justice. more

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