Criminal Justice in America

Criminal Justice in America

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For introductory courses in Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice in America creates a new standard-direct, effective writing that raises the level of criminal justice education without making it more complicated for students. Dr. Hugh Barlow explores the lives of those working in today's system, the past and future of criminal justice, and the information students need to embark upon rewarding careers. This book is filled with original approaches to crucial criminal justice topics.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 746 pages
  • 217.9 x 285.5 x 35.3mm | 1,741.81g
  • Pearson Education Limited
  • Prentice-Hall
  • Harlow, United Kingdom
  • English
  • illustrations (some colour)
  • 0130832715
  • 9780130832719

Table of contents

I. THE STUDY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE. 1. Crime, Law, and Criminal Justice. Images of Crime and Justice in America. What is Crime and Who is the Criminal? Social Control and Criminal Law. What is Criminal Justice? Criminal Justice Themes Emphasized in this Text. 2. Getting a Line on Crime and Justice in America. The Production of Information on Crime. Sources of Information on Crime and Criminals. Sources of Information on the Criminal Justice System. 3. Public Policy and Theories of Crime. Theories of Crime and Criminality. Locating the Causes of Crime and Criminality. Crime as an Event. Ideology and Public Policy. The Twin Goals of Crime Policy: Order and Justice. 4. Overview of the Adult and Juvenile Justice Systems. The Criminal Justice System in the United States. Decision Stages in the Criminal Justice System. The Juvenile Justice System. II. THE POLICE: FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE AGAINST CRIME. 5. History, Organization, and Functions of Police. A Brief History of Policing. Federal Policing: Growth and Current Status. State and Local Police Agencies. Relations Between Federal, State, and Local Police. Rural Policing. Private Policing. The Functions of Modern Policing. 6. Culture and Styles of Policing. The Recruitment of Police Officers. Women and Minorities in Police Work. The Police Perspective. Varieties of Police Behaviors. Proactive Policing: A Modern Trend. 7. The Exercise of Discretion. Decisions to Act Unofficially or To Do Nothing. Making Arrests. Interrogating Criminal Suspects. Crime Victims and the Exercise of Discretion. Police and Deadly Force: Shoot or Don't Shoot? 8. Six Crime Challenges for Police Today. Urban Gangs. Policing the Drug Problem. Organized Crime and the Police. Hate Crimes, Terrorism and the Police. The Challenge of Domestic Violence. 9. The Police and the Law. Constitutional Protections. The Legal Boundaries of Police Action. The Law of Arrests. The Dark Side of Policing: Corruption and Brutality. III. THE CRIMINAL COURTS: THE JUDICIAL PROCESS IN ACTION. 10. The Criminal Lawyers. An Overview of Lawyering in America. The Criminal Attorney and the Legal Profession. Representing the State: The Prosecutor. Representing the Criminal Defendant. 11. Pre-Trial Decisions in the Judicial Process. Pre-Trial Release. The Prosecution of Criminal Suspects. Plea Bargaining and the Decision to Plead Guilty. 12. The Courts and the Criminal Trial. The Criminal Courts. Criminal Trials and the Jury System. The Attorneys Present their Evidence. Changes in the Criminal Court. 13. Sentencing the Criminal Offender. The Concept of Punishment. Sentencing the Criminal Offender. Sentencing Disparities. Curbing Sentencing Discrepancies. Intermediate Sentences: Alternatives to Prison. Sentencing and the Crime Victim. IV. PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS: DEALING WITH THE CRIMINAL OFFENDER. 14. Capital Punishment. Exile Penalties. Capital Punishment. The Modern Execution. 15. The History and Use of Prisons. The Development of the Prison. Development of Prisons in the United States. Prisons: The Last 100 Years. The Population of Prisons and Jails Today. 16. Life in Prison. The Organization and Culture of Maximum Security Prisons for Men. Women in Prison. Three Challenges in Corrections: AIDS, Geriatric Inmates, and Prisoner Rights. 17. Community-Based Corrections. Early Forms of Community-Based Corrections. Probation. Intermediate Sanctions. Parole. Shaming: A Community-Based Sanction for the 21st Century?show more

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