Criminal Investigation : Basic Perspectives
Bringing together the authors' more than 50 years of investigation experience, this comprehensive, practical, and well-balanced text is designed to provide students with a practical introduction to criminal investigation. The text reflects the most recent investigative techniques and technology and features real-life case studies to help students develop their ability to analyze, evaluate, and reason.
- Hardback | 432 pages
- 182 x 234 x 22mm | 780.19g
- 04 Mar 2005
- Pearson Education (US)
- Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
- 10th edition
"My overall comment on the text is chat it is well organized. I really like the case studies that are provided at the end of each chapter. "WOW" these are great selling points in themselves. This author is an expert, not just an educator." - Donald Alsdurf, Kansas City Kansas Community College, Kansas City, KS
Back cover copy
Together, the authors of "Criminal Investigation: Basic Perspectives" have in excess of fifty years of law enforcement experience with a variety of agencies such as the United States Postal Inspection Service, the United States Marshal's Service, the Sacramento Sheriff s Department, the New York Police Department and the California State Police. Prom this perspective the authors have written a well-balanced, comprehensive text on criminal investigation. This Tenth edition has been updated and includes two newly rewritten chapters on Interviewing and the Detection of Deception, and the Interrogation Process. New discussion regarding witness motivation, the importance of separating witnesses, and the need to get a commitment from a witness have been added to the chapter on Direct and Circumstantial Evidence. A new section on computer databases has been added to the chapter on Basic Investigative Leads. Added to the end of each chapter is a new "related web sites" section for additional research and information on the chapter topic. In addition, a new case study has been added to this edition. These case studies that are included at the end of each chapter are designed to highlight the chapter content and enhance the learning process. "Criminal Investigation Basic Perspectives, Tenth Edition" is a resource that will prepare students for the challenging world of criminal investigation.
Table of contents
I. ELEMENTS OF INVESTIGATION. 1. The Initial Investigation. The Legal Significance of Evidence.Controlling the Crime Scene.Crime Scene Investigation.Collecting Evidence, Marking Evidence, Chain of Possession, Packaging Physical Evidence, Known Standards of Physical Evidence, and Transporting Evidence.Handling Infected Evidence.Physical Changes at the Scene.Final Survey of the Scene.Media Relations.Case Study: Incredible Evidence. 2. Direct and Circumstantial Evidence. Direct Evidence - Eye Witnesses.Locating Witnesses at the Crime Scene.Revisiting the Crime Scene.View Area Canvas.The Neighborhood Canvas.Plea for Public Cooperation.Separate Witnesses.Get a Commitment.Circumstantial Evidence.Weapons.Blood.Imprints and Impressions.Tool Marks.Dust, Dirt, and Other Traces.Questioned Documents.Other Evidence.Case Study: Revenge. 3. Recording the Crime Scene. Recording the Crime Scene.Field Notes, Report Writing, the Preliminary Investigation.Photographing, Sketching, and Video Taping the Crime Scene.Progress Reports: The Continuing Investigation.Case Study: The Lucky Market Case. 4. Laboratory and Technical Services. Criminalistics: Forensic Science.DNA Fingerprinting.Laboratory Determinations.Laboratory Equipment.Voiceprint Identification.Cryptography.Case Study: Child Abduction Case. 5. Basic Investigative Leads and Informants. Basic Leads.Victim's Background.Benefit.Opportunity.Kxtowledge.Field Contact Reports.Vehicles.Weapons.Fingerprints.Stolen Property.Modus Operandi.Computer Databases.Offender Registration.Photographs of Known Criminals.Composite Sketches for Identification.Injured Suspects.Linkage Between Suspect and Crime Partner(s).Informants.Basic Lead Informant.Participant Informants.Covert Informants.The Accomplice Witness.Case Study: The Shugars and Smith Case. 6. Major Investigative Techniques. Surveillance.Visual Surveillance.Audio Surveillance.Contact Surveillance.Search Warrants.Police Intelligence: Criminal Investigation Information.Proactive Investigation.Search Warrants.Undercover Police Agents.Lineups.Case Study: The Brown Case. 7. Interviewing and the Detection of Deception. Interview Process.Privacy.Rapport Building.Competency and Credibility Issues.The Interview Structure.Listening.Detecting Deception.Polygraph Testing.Refreshing Recollections.Investigative Hypnosis.Cognitive Interview.Written Statement.Case Study: Robbery Interview. 8. Interrogation Process. Interrogation Law.The Waiver.Privacy.Investigate Before You Interrogate.The Approach.Why People Confess.The suspect's Dilemma: The Crime Partner.Documenting the Confession.Case Study: Interrogation, Robbery Suspect. 9. Arresting the Accused Person. The Broadcast Alarm or Pickup Order.Records as Sources of Information.Wanted Notices.The Arrest.Pedigree..Case Preparation.The Solvability Factor.The Identity of the Defendant.The Defendant and the Corpus Delicti.Negative Evidence.Lawful Procedures.Arraying Evidence.The "Package" or Case Folder.The Decision to Charge.Closing an Investigation.Case Study: Double Murder-Ms. Wylie and Hoffert. II. INVESTIGATING MAJOR CRIMES. 10. Crimes of Violence. Homicide."Suspicious Death" Investigations.Autopsy as an Extension of the Crime Scene.Medicolegal Laboratory Services.Suicide, Accident, or Criminal Homicide.Identification of the Victim.Time of Death.Exhumation.Checklist for the Investigation of Criminal Homicide.Patterns of Criminal Homicide.Motive for Murder - Relationships.Multicide.Mass, Spree and Serial Murder.Stalkers.Investigating Assaults.Child Abuse.Case Study: Autopsy Surgeon. 11. Sexual Assaults. Rape.Initial Action.Follow-up Interview of the victim.Follow-up Interviews of Witnesses.Personality Profile: Serial Rapist.Arrest of the Suspected Rapist.Case Preparation.Problems of Proof.Child Sexual Abuse.Child Sexual Abuse-Incest.Child Sexual Abuse-Pedophilia.The Child as Victim-Witness.Missing Children.Case study: The East Area Rapist. 12. Robbery. The Target in Robberies.Identification Evidence.Checklist for the Investigation of Robbery.Repeat-Offender Cases.Carjacking.Outline of Carjacking Investigation.Problems of Proof.Case study: This Is a Hold-up! 13. Arson, Bombing and Hate Crimes. Arson.The Law of Arson.The Suspicious Fire Concept.Burning Patterns: Structure Fires.Burning Patterns: Nonstructure Fires.Ignition and Place of Origin of Fire.The Fire Scene.Fire-Scene Photographs.The Continuing Arson Investigation.Bombings.The Investigation of Bombings.Problems of Proof.Hate Crimes.Case study: Motive for Arson. 14. Property Crimes. Burglary.Types of Burglary.Burglary as a Behavioral Concept.Safe Burglars.The Burglary Scene Investigation.The Post-Scene Investigation.Known Burglars.Theft.Theft the Attack.Modus Operandi Searches.The Universe of Suspccts.Criminal Receivers of Stolen Property.Auto Theft.Theft By Employees.Fraud.Elements of Fraud.Bunco and Con Games.The Bank Examiner Fraud.Fraudulent Checks.Credit Card Fraud.Consumer and Business Fraud.Workplace Frauds.Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Frauds.Identity Theft.Computer Fraud.Investigation of Frauds.Case Study: The Year My Life Was Stolen. 15. Dangerous Drugs. Dangerous Drugs.Entrapment.The Drug Scene.Drug-selling Organizations.Pick Up Arrests.Arrests Based Upon "Buys."Search Warrants: Drug Investigations.Warrantless Searches: Drug Investigations."Working Up" Investigations.Raids.Case Study: Roles and Story Lines 16. Special Investigations. Vice and Gambling.Organized Crime.Nature of Operations.Characteristic Activity.Investigative Alerts.Gang Activity.Terrorism.Terrorist Groups.Preventive Intelligence.Role of the Criminal Investigator.Computer Crime.Hit and Run.Case Study: Basic Lead in Langley/CIA Shooting. 17. The Investigator as a Witness AND Ethical Awareness. Action prior to Court Appearance as a Witness.General Behavior as a Witness.Nonverbal Communication.Conduct After Testifying.Ethical Awareness. Appendix A - Case Briefs. Appendix B - Federal Controlled Substances. Appendix C - Identity Theft: What to Do if it Happens to You. Glossary. Selected Bibliography. Index.