Creating the Third Force

Creating the Third Force : Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking

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The profession of peacemaking has been practiced by indigenous communities around the world for many centuries; however, the ethnocentric world view of the West, which dominated the world of ideas for the last five centuries, dismissed indigenous forms of peacemaking as irrelevant and backward tribal rituals. Neither did indigenous forms of peacemaking fit the conception of modernization and development of the new ruling elites who inherited the postcolonial state. The new profession of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), which emerged in the West as a new profession during the 1970s, neglected the tradition and practice of indigenous forms of peacemaking. The scant literature which has appeared on this critical subject tends to focus on the ritual aspect of the indigenous practices of peacemaking. The goal of this book is to fill this lacuna in scholarship. More specifically, this work focuses on the process of peacemaking, exploring the major steps of process of peacemaking which the peacemakers follow in dislodging antagonists from the stage of hostile confrontation to peaceful resolution of disputes and eventual reconciliation.
The book commences with a critique of ADR for neglecting indigenous processes of peacemaking and then utilizes case studies from different communities around the world to focus on the following major themes: the basic structure of peacemaking process; change and continuity in the traditions of peacemaking; the role of indigenous women in peacemaking; the nature of the tools peacemakers deploy; common features found in indigenous processes of peacemaking; and the overarching goals of peacemaking activities in indigenous communities.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 586 pages
  • 158 x 238 x 41mm | 1,089g
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 5 Tables, unspecified
  • 0739185284
  • 9780739185285
  • 1,840,330

Table of contents

CHAPTER 1: Indigenous Processes of Conflict Resolution: Neglected Methods of Peacemaking by the New Field of Conflict Resolution CHAPTER 2: "The Best of Judgments": Rituals of Settlement (Sulh) and Reconciliation (Musalaha) in the Middle East CHAPTER 3: Araraa: The Oromo Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking CHAPTER 4: Respecting Identity, Creating Justice, and Building Peaceful Relationships in Laos through Traditional Conflict Resolution Processes CHAPTER 5: Indigenous Peacemaking in Northern Ireland CHAPTER 6: Traditional Systems of Conflict Mediation: Exploration of Mukhiya or Jimmuwal, and Bhadra-Bhaladmis Peacemaking Mechanisms in the Himalayas CHAPTER 7: Case Study: Peacemaking as Ceremony: The Mediation Model of the Navajo Nation CHAPTER 8: Indigenous Elders as the Mbasoron Tar (Repairers of the World) and Inukshuks (Waypointers) of Peace CHAPTER 9: Traditional Peacemaking Processes among Indigenous Populations in the Northern and Southern Philippines CHAPTER 10: Kinoo'Amaadawaad Megwaa Doodamawaad - 'They are learning with each other while they are doing': The Opaaganasining (Pipestone) Living Peace Framework CHAPTER 11: Conflict Avoidance among the Satere-Mawe of Manaus, Brazil and Peacemaking Behaviours among Amazonian Amerindians CHAPTER 12: Indigenous Processes of Conflict Management in Contemporary Somalia CHPATER 13: Indigenous Guard in Cauca, Colombia: Peaceful Resistance in a Region of Conflict CHPATER 14: Maori Disputes and their Resolution CHAPTER 15: Women's Indigenous Processes of Peacebuilding and Peacemaking in Uzbekistan: Sacred Places of Homes and Community for Health and Well-being CHAPTER 16: Reconstructing Communities - A Case Study: Indigenous Grandmothers Searching for Peace CHAPTER 17: Changing Gender Roles: Challenging Ethno-Historical Depictions of African Women's Roles in Conflict CHAPTER 18: BinSyowi: "The Woman Who Loves" Women as Guardians of Life and Weavers of Peace in Biak, Papua CHAPTER 19: Indigenous Storytelling as a Peacebuilding Process CHAPTER 20: Ritual and Symbol in Justice and Peace-building: Lessons from Pukhtoon Tribes on the Jirga CHPATER 21: Indigenous Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking: The Role of Ng'ado Guok Ritual and Process among the Luo People of Kenya CHAPTER 22: Linguistic Form in Calypso: Employing Reframing as a Multidimensional Tool in Peace Building CHAPTER 23: Creating The Third Force: Some Common Features in Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking, and Some Preliminary Observations
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Review quote

Creating the Third Force is a welcome addition to the growing literature on peacebuilding and conflict management. The volume advances, broadens, and deepens our knowledge of indigenous peacebuilding and conflict management. It demonstrates the efficacy of indigenous peacebuilding tools including storytelling, proverbs and metaphors, rituals and symbols, collaborative social systems, and deployment of visual and performing arts. -- Akanmu G. Adebayo, Kennesaw State University This volume provides a valuable and timely service to the comparative study of the new Western-based field of conflict and peace studies by emphasizing indigenous processes of conflict resolution from across the world. By opening a window into the peculiarities of the human experience of conflict and peacemaking processes that have a long history in indigenous societies in many parts of the world, the volume brings forth new perspectives in conflict and peace studies. -- Fonkem Achankeng, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Creating the Third Force brings to light a novel approach by delving into the oft-neglected role of indigenous culture, cosmology and methods of conflict resolution. This beautifully written, organized, and timely book will make an immense contribution to the field of conflict resolution and is indispensable read for students, scholars, practitioners and policy makers as well as those who are engaged in an arduous task of peace-making and peace-building to achieve lasting peace. -- Abbas H. Gnamo, University of Toronto
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About Maureen P. Flaherty

Hamdesa Tuso is a faculty member of the Peace and Conflict Studies Program of University of Manitoba. Maureen P. Flaherty is assistant professor in peace and conflict studies at the University of Manitoba.
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