The Cotton Trade in England and on the Continent; A Study in the Field of the Cotton Industry

The Cotton Trade in England and on the Continent; A Study in the Field of the Cotton Industry

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1895 edition. Excerpt: ...of the development mentioned: --Especially within the last 20 years has a lowering of piecework prices by 15 per cent. left its impression (30) in that the operatives to-day look after 15_per cent. more machinery, which runs from 12_to 15 per cent. quicker. Weekly wages increased in the same period by 8 to Iff per cent. Undoubtedly a similar development is taking place also in Germany, which means a replacement of labour by capital, and a raising of labour capacity. This is made clear already by the fact that the considerable increases of wages at the commencement of the " seventies" by no means brought a corresponding increase of 29. The figures for 1812 and 1832 are taken from the particulars of Ure ("Philosophy of Manufactures," p. 341); those for 1890 from my own experience in Oldham; those for Alsace from the Enquete. Regarding the cost of labour, compare " Die Stat. Ermittelungen," p. 24; Protokolle, pp. 54, 387, etc. 30. Committee on Depression of Trade: See Report, part I., 5,077, 5,114, 5,164, 5,167. Even since 1877 the Oldham list has gone down 8 per cent., whilst the weekly earnings of the spinners are 2/6 to 3/-higher than at that the cost of labour in its train. For instance, according to the Enquete, the wages in Alsace rose about 50 per cent, from 1860 to 1878; the amount of wages, however, falling annually per spindle, was lowered from 4'75 to 4'65 marks, whilst the yearly production per spindle had remained at least equal. It i3 certain that wages have gone up tremendously in the German textile industry. The associations of Alsatian and Bavarian textile employers give the following particulars as regards the average wages paid: --1887 1888 1889 1890 Alsace.. 589 ra. 590 m. 602 m. 606 m. Bavaria.. more

Product details

  • Paperback | 86 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 168g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236539702
  • 9781236539700