Part One Demographics and health policy: Demographic and economic trends in Europe and the need of coronary bypass surgery; M. Schneider. Do growing proportions of elderly mean more cardiovascular diseases? H. Hofmeister, L. Muecke. Part Two Favourable clinical results of CABG in the elderly: Isolated CABG in the elderly: operative results and risk factors over the past three decades; W.J. Keon. Combined valve and coronary bypass surgery in the elderly; J. Szecsi, P. Herijgers, I. Scheys, W. Flameng. Cardiac surgery in the octogenarians: perioperative results and clinical follow-up; F. Fontan, A. Becat, G. Fernandez, N. Sourdille, P. Reynaud, P. Montserrat. Coronary artery bypass grafting including use of the LIMA in octogenarians; G. Sahar, E. Raanani, I. Hertz, R. Brauner, B.A. Vidne. Part Three Health care costs of elderly CABG patients: Age-specific costs of heart surgery and follow-up treatment in Germany; D. Chruscz, W. Konig. Part Four Clinical, economic and ethical controversies: Opportunities to improve the cost-effectiveness of CABG surgery; W.B. Stason. Who gets bypass surgery - should the doctor, patient or computer decide? J. Kellett. The economics of treatment choice. Making choices in coronary bypass surgery in the elderly; A. Maynard. The role of age and life expectancy in prioritising health care; J. Harris. When does the cost of living exceed the return on our investment? The social and economic consequences of coronary bypass surgery in the elderly; R.W. Evans. Part Five The heart of the matter: Health-related quality of life after CABG in the elderly. Coronary artery bypass surgery and health-related quality of life: Data from the national health and nutrition examination survey; P. Erickson. The selection of health-related quality of life measures for older adults with cardiovascular disease; S.A. Shumaker, R. Anderson. Survival and health-related quality of life of elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery; N. Caine, S. Tait, J. Wallwork. Health-related quality of life after coronary revascularization in older patients; P.D. Cleary, E. Guadagnoli, J.Z. Ayanian. Longitudinal health-related quality of life assessment in 5 years after coronary artery bypass surgery - does benefit continue with advancing age? R. Mohan, P.J. Walter, E. Van Hove. Health-related quality of life 5 years after coronary bypass surgery at age 75 or above: a research approach to item selection; P.J. Walter, R. Mohan, C. Cornelissen. Part Six Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation following coronary artery bypass graft surgery at elderly age; N.K. Wenger.