Excerpt from The Control of Use of Stream Waters in the United States: A Dissertation
There is, precisely speaking, no such entity recognized in the practice of the West from which the term comes as a water power site. There is a dam across the stream to turn the water known as a dam site. There is a ditch, flume, or canal, or all combined, with pipe lines, constituting a line of water conduit from the diversion dam, which line may be as much as fifty, in some instances a hundred miles, long. The land on which this line of works is emplaced is described as a ditch right of way. Then there is the power house, in which are situated the water wheels and electric power generators, and to which the water is conducted under pressure, sometimes with a head of more than 2000 feet. Its situs is the power house site. The water is wasted from it into some natural water channel, which may be entirely outside of the original stream watershed from which the water was taken. The locations of the dam, ditches and power house are deter mined more by commercial considerations than by natural conditions. Sites are made rather than naturally existent. In the sense in which the President appears to use the word no water-power sites are valuable intrinsically.
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