Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Volume 5

Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Volume 5

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ... of almost land-locked bays and sounds. Ocracoke lies in longitude 76 west and latitude 35 10' north, and is therefore somewhat south of the center of the North Carolina coast. It is separated from Hatteras Reef by the 0.8 kilometer (one-half mile) wide strait known as Hatteras Inlet, and from Portsmouth, the next island below, by Ocracoke Inlet, 3 kilometers (nearly 2 miles) wide. Ocracoke itself is about 26 kilometers (16 miles) in length, and extends from that great bulge of the coast line known Hs Cape Hatteras, in a soutliwesterly direction. The island's greatest width near its lower end falls short of 3 kilometers; the average width is only 1 kilometer, while in places it is even narrower. Outside rolls the Atlantic, while between island and mainland stretch the waters of Pamlico Sound, here from 30 to 45 kilometers (18 to 27 miles) wide. Pamlico differs from the shallower Albemarle Sound to the north in the important respect that its water is always salt, while Albemarle is normally fresh. Near the southwestern extremity of the island a broad expanse of tidal fiat separates the higher land of the village of Ocracoke from the Atlantic beach. One and one-half kilometers or so toward the northeast this lagoon disappears, and dry land extends from the flat sandy beach and the salt, marshes which border the Sound to the dunes which front the ocean. Into these marshes penetrate tiny creeks, whose ramifications cut the lower part of the island in all directions. Almost the whole area is divided between sand strand and tidal marsh. Much of it is only 1 meter or less above normal high tide and subject to overflow when strong easterly gales are blowing, or when stiff breezes from the opposite quarter mass the waters of Pamlico Sound against...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 282 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 15mm | 508g
  • English
  • Illustrations, black and white
  • 1236853938
  • 9781236853936