Contesting Global Environmental Knowledge, Norms and Governance

Contesting Global Environmental Knowledge, Norms and Governance

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Description

Through theoretical discussions and case studies, this volume explores how processes of contestation about knowledge, norms, and governance processes shape efforts to promote sustainability through international environmental governance.


The epistemic communities literature of the 1990s highlighted the importance of expert consensus on scientific knowledge for problem definition and solution specification in international environmental agreements. This book addresses a gap in this literature - insufficient attention to the multiple forms of contestation that also inform international environmental governance. These forms include within-discipline contestation that helps forge expert consensus, inter-disciplinary contestation regarding the types of expert knowledge needed for effective response to environmental problems, normative and practical arguments about the proper roles of experts and laypersons, and contestation over how to combine globally developed norms and scientific knowledge with locally prevalent norms and traditional knowledge in ways ensuring effective implementation of environmental policies. This collection advances understanding of the conditions under which contestation facilitates or hinders the development of effective global environmental governance. The contributors examine how attempts to incorporate more than one stream of expert knowledge and to include lay knowledge alongside it have played out in efforts to create and maintain multilateral agreements relating to environmental concerns.


It will interest scholars and graduate students of political science, global governance, international environmental politics, and global policy making. Policy analysts should also find it useful.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 192 pages
  • 156 x 234 x 12.7mm | 431g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2 Maps; 3 Line drawings, black and white; 3 Tables, black and white; 5 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1138054739
  • 9781138054738

Table of contents

Chapter 1. Introduction


M. J. Peterson





Contestation in International Environmental Governance





Contention over Definitions of Relevant Scientific Knowledge





Contestation over Using Scientific and other Forms of Knowledge





Preview of Contents





References








Part I Contestation over Relevant Scientific Expertise





Chapter 2 Linking Scientific Knowledge and Multilateral Environmental Governance


Pamela Chasek





Bringing Science to the Table





United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: A Case Study in Four Rounds





Round 1





Round 2





Round 3





Round 4





Improving the Scientific Basis for Policy Decision Making





What Have We Learned?





References








Chapter 3 Still Saving the Mediterranean? Expert Communities, Regionalization, and Institutional Change


Joerg Balsiger, Battistina Cugosi and Van de Veer





Experts in Regional Environmental Cooperation





The role of Epistemic Communities in Regional Environmental Cooperation





Regionalizing and Rescaling Mediterranean Environmental Governance





Regionalization and Rescaling via MAP and the Barcelona Convention





EU Roles in Regionalization and Rescaling





European Territorial Cooperation





The EU Macroregional Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Area





The MedPlan at Forty-something and Revisiting Saving the Mediterranean





References








Chapter 4 Measurement Practices and Evolutionary Global Institutions


Casey C. Stevens





Measurement, Contestation, and the Evolution of Institutions





The Cases: Measurements for Governance





The Human Development Index





Worldwide Governance Indicators





UNFCCC Measuring Emissions





Measurement and Governance Institutions





Measurement for Sustainable Development





References








Part II Contestation over the Uses of Expert and Lay Knowledge in Formulating Policy





Chapter 5 Global Transdisciplinary Science and Sustainable Development Governance


Norichika Kanie and Casey C. Stevens








Global Transdisciplinary Science





Transdisciplinary Science as a Tool in Global Governance for Sustainability





The Construction of Transdisciplinarity for the SDGs





The Prospects for Transdisciplinary Science





References








Chapter 6 Climate Change Denial in the United States and the European Union


Miranda Schreurs





The Paris Agreement





Climate Policy Debates in the USA





The Rise of Conservatism and Climate Skepticism and Denial





U.S. President Donald Trump's War on Climate Change Science and Policy





Public Opinion and Climate Skepticism in US Party Politics





Amplifying the Voices of Climate Skeptics: The Conservative Media





Climate Policy Debates in the European Union





Climate Change Denial in the European Union





Climate Change Denial among European Far Right Parties





The Implications of Increasingly Strong Climate Change Denial and Skepticism





References








Chapter 7 Science and Policy in the International Whaling Commission


Steinar Andresen





Whaling in the "Old Days": Continued Depletion





IWC Phase I (1946-mid 1960s): Continued Overexploitation





IWC Phase 2 (mid 1960s-mid 1970s): More Conservation, Lower Catches





IWC phase 3 (mid 1970s-mid 1990s): The Anti-Whaling Norm Swamps the Influence of Science



IWC 4 (mid-1990s-2017): More peaceful waters





Changing Contours of Contestation





References








Part III Contestation over the Uses of Expert and Lay Knowledge in Implementing Policy





Chapter 8 Stakeholder Access to Norm Validation: Whose Practices Count in Global International Relations?


Antje Wiener





Norms Research in International Relations





Practices: Contestation and Norm Validation





Normative Opportunity Structure





Norm Typology and Research Assumptions





The Outlook for Norm Alignment between Global and Local





References





Chapter 9 Global Conservation and Local Lore in a Post-Colonial Society: How Traditional Environmental Knowledge Shapes the Implementation of International Environmental Agreements on Protected Areas


Kemi Fuentes-George





Nonstate Actors' Participation in Environmental Governance





Regime Fragmentation and Complexity: A Landscape for Increased Contestation





Jamaica and Cockpit Country Governance: From Coalition to Contestation





Contestation Among Conservationists: Science and Culture





The Blue and John Crow Mountains: Biodiversity and Cultural Heritage





Managing Contestation: A (Relative) Success Story





Linking Local Lore and Scientific Surveys for Effective Conservation





References








Part IV Epistemic Communities and Contestation





Chapter 10 Reflections Contested Knowledge and Those Who Study It


Peter M. Haas





Epistemic Communities 1.0 Research Program





Epistemic Communities 2.0: Including Contestation





The Future of Knowledge and Contestation





Pedagogy about Epistemic Communities, Study as Practices





References
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About M. J. Peterson

M.J. Peterson earned her PhD at Columbia University and is Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst USA. Her research focuses on the workings of international organizations, multilateral governance of global commons areas, and technology. Her work has been published in Global Governance, International Organization, and Review of International Organizations.
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