1. Editor's introduction David Clay Large; 2. Willy Brandt; 3. Theodore Ellenoff; 4. Fritz Stern; 5. A social and historical typology of the German opposition to Hitler Martin Broszat; 6. Working-class resistance: problems and options Detlav J. K. Peukert; 7. Choice and courage Claudia Koonz; 8. Resistance and opposition: the example of the German Jews Konrad Kwiet; 9. From reform to resistance: Carl Goerdeler's 1938 memorandum Michael Kruger-Charle; 10. The conservative resistance Peter Steinbach; 11. The Kreisau circle and the 20th of July Thomas Childers; 12. The Seco; 13. The solitary witness: no mere footnote to resistance studies Klemens Von Klemperer; 14. The German resistance in comparative perspective Charles Maier; 15. The political legacy of the German resistance: an historical critique Hans Mommsen; 16. Uses of the Past: the anti-Nazi resistance legacy in the Federal Republic of Germany David Clay Large.